Ancient Monuments

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Limestone Quarry and Kiln at Oxwich

A Scheduled Monument in Penrice (Pen-rhys), Swansea (Abertawe)

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Latitude: 51.5565 / 51°33'23"N

Longitude: -4.1676 / 4°10'3"W

OS Eastings: 249825

OS Northings: 186409

OS Grid: SS498864

Mapcode National: GBR GT.2LT5

Mapcode Global: VH3N3.Q43L

Entry Name: Limestone Quarry and Kiln at Oxwich

Scheduled Date: 31 October 2000

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 3978

Cadw Legacy ID: GM542

Schedule Class: Industrial

Category: Limekiln

Period: Post Medieval/Modern

County: Swansea (Abertawe)

Community: Penrice (Pen-rhys)

Traditional County: Glamorgan


The monument consists of the remains of a limekiln, in which lime is made by calcining limestone. Its dates to the early 19th century and is of Gower type, with a range of associated earthworks and a quarry. The kiln is formed by a curving wall built into the north eastern end of a stone revetted ramp. There is one beehive-shaped drawing arch corbelled into the front of the kiln, with a circular firebrick bowl above the arch and a low loading platform in front of the drawing arch. The low inner parapet to the bowl lining may be from early 20th century re-use.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of industrial manufacturing processes. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. The structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information concerning chronology and building techniques. A lime kiln may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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