Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Inscribed Stone & Early Gravestones in St Michael's Church

A Scheduled Monument in Llanfihangel-ar-Arth (Llanfihangel-ar-arth), Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

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Latitude: 52.0362 / 52°2'10"N

Longitude: -4.2522 / 4°15'7"W

OS Eastings: 245614

OS Northings: 239922

OS Grid: SN456399

Mapcode National: GBR DJ.FXLP

Mapcode Global: VH3KR.72XX

Entry Name: Inscribed Stone & Early Gravestones in St Michael's Church

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2108

Cadw Legacy ID: CM071

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Inscribed stone

Period: Early Medieval

County: Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

Community: Llanfihangel-ar-Arth (Llanfihangel-ar-arth)

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire


The monument consists of an inscribed stone, a commemorative monument in the form of a stone which has been inscribed with symbols, probably dating to the medieval period. Also known as the Ulcagnus Stone, the monument comprises an inscribed stone and a cross-incised gravestone now located within St Michael's Church, Llanfihangel-ar-Arth. The former probably dates to the 6th century AD and the latter to the ninth to eleventh centuries AD. The stones are not in situ and the bases are currently mortared into the floor next to the internal face of the E wall of the vestry. The inscribed stone measures 0.95m in height, 0.3m in width and 0.3m in depth. The Latin inscription HICIACIT / VLCAGNVSFIVS / SENOMAGL is neatly picked out in Roman capitals in three vertical lines. The cross-incised stone measures 1.7m in height, 0.47m in width and 0.1m in depth and depicts a shallow grooved Latin cross with four bars and crosslets in the interspaces.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of the organisation and practice of medieval Christianity. An inscribed stone may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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