Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Castle Pencader

A Scheduled Monument in Llanfihangel-ar-Arth (Llanfihangel-ar-arth), Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

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Latitude: 52.0025 / 52°0'8"N

Longitude: -4.2671 / 4°16'1"W

OS Eastings: 244472

OS Northings: 236210

OS Grid: SN444362

Mapcode National: GBR DJ.J06M

Mapcode Global: VH3KR.0X0S

Entry Name: Castle Pencader

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2765

Cadw Legacy ID: CM070

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Motte

Period: Medieval

County: Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

Community: Llanfihangel-ar-Arth (Llanfihangel-ar-arth)

Built-Up Area: Pencader

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire


The monument comprises the remains of a motte and ditch, dating to the medieval period (c. 1066 -1540 AD). A motte is a large conical or pyramidal mound of soil and/or stone, usually surrounded by either a wet or dry ditch, and surmounted by a tower constructed of timber or stone. Castle Pencader is naturally defended by steep slopes with streams at the bottom on the north and east and with a dicth on the south-west and west. The height of the motte above the bottom of the ditch measures 25-30ft. The bailey was probably on the west but the area is now occupied by a school.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of medieval defensive practices. The monument is well-preserved and an important relic of the medieval landscape. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of both structural evidence and intact associated deposits. The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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