Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Horeb Brickworks

A Scheduled Monument in Llanelli Rural (Llanelli Wledig), Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

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Latitude: 51.7261 / 51°43'34"N

Longitude: -4.1716 / 4°10'17"W

OS Eastings: 250108

OS Northings: 205277

OS Grid: SN501052

Mapcode National: GBR GS.8CPX

Mapcode Global: VH3M4.MWZ4

Entry Name: Horeb Brickworks

Scheduled Date: 24 March 1997

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 908

Cadw Legacy ID: CM281

Schedule Class: Industrial

Category: Kiln

Period: Post Medieval/Modern

County: Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

Community: Llanelli Rural (Llanelli Wledig)

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire


The monument consists of the remains of a kiln of the Hoffmann type. The kiln is oblong in plan containing a looped tunnel accessible from the outside by sixteen archways. Stacking and emptying of the kiln took place either side of a burning zone which progressed around the tunnel continuously. Coal was fed in through shutes from the deck above, and flues connected to a tall chimney on the west side controlled the draught. The kiln is complete apart form its timber superstructure. The 20m high chimney and the ruins of the brick making plant with engine bases are to its west, and a substantial area of brick wasters is to the south. A siding to the Llanelly and Mynydd Mawr Railway abuts a platform parallel with the east side of the kiln. The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of agricultural and manufacturing practices.x. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. The structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information concerning chronology and building techniques. The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. The scheduled area is bounded by the mineral railway line on the east and by a field boundary on the west and south. The northern boundary transects the yard from which the kiln is approached.

Source: Cadw

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