Ancient Monuments

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Hafod Fawr Roman Camp

A Scheduled Monument in Myddfai, Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

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Latitude: 51.9694 / 51°58'9"N

Longitude: -3.7301 / 3°43'48"W

OS Eastings: 281245

OS Northings: 231517

OS Grid: SN812315

Mapcode National: GBR Y7.L1DL

Mapcode Global: VH5F4.9RDM

Entry Name: Hafod Fawr Roman Camp

Scheduled Date: 22 November 2006

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 1189

Cadw Legacy ID: CM371

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Practice camp

Period: Roman

County: Carmarthenshire (Sir Gaerfyrddin)

Community: Myddfai

Traditional County: Carmarthenshire


The monument comprises a well-preserved Roman practice camp that primarily survives as an extant earthen bank with well-defined central entrances and associated tutuli, or entrance shielding ditches. The camp was constructed as part of a military training exercise by auxillary soldiers from the camp's probable 'parent' fort at Llandovery, which was occupied between c. AD 74 - 130. The camp demonstrates particular attention to the corners and entrances, which were the most difficult elements to build. The camp is roughly square in shape on plan with rounded corners aligned to the cardinal points of the compass. The visible earthworks measure c. 37m square and are best preserved on the NW and SW sides. The bank has spread to a width of c. 6m and is a maximum of 0.4 - 0.5m high. The tutuli are located c. 6m in front of the entrances. They are shallow linear depressions and measure c. 4m in length.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of Roman military organisation. The monument forms an important element within the wider context of the Roman occupation of Wales and the structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information concerning chronology and building techniques, together with a strong probability of environmental evidence. The importance of the monument is further enhanced by its group value with the adjacent fortlet (SAM no. CM194) and marching camps (SAM no. BR003) that make up the Y Pigwn Roman complex.

The area scheduled comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive. It is square in shape on plan and measures 70m NE-SW by 70m transversely.

Source: Cadw

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