Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Group of Four Inscribed Stones in Gwytherin Churchyard

A Scheduled Monument in Llangernyw, Conwy

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Latitude: 53.1385 / 53°8'18"N

Longitude: -3.6807 / 3°40'50"W

OS Eastings: 287667

OS Northings: 361470

OS Grid: SH876614

Mapcode National: GBR 69.66DL

Mapcode Global: WH65Z.FCJS

Entry Name: Group of Four Inscribed Stones in Gwytherin Churchyard

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 3563

Cadw Legacy ID: DE150

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Inscribed stone

Period: Early Medieval

County: Conwy

Community: Llangernyw

Traditional County: Denbighshire


A row of four upright stones aligned west to east standing within the Churchyard between the north side of the church and a steep slope down to a stream to the north. A fence has recently been erected, betwen 0.85 and 2.0 M. from the stones, along the lip of this slope. The stones occupy a grassed space free of gravestones or paths; to the west the ground rises towards a large yew tree, an area set with gravestones. All four are of roughly similar dimensions, irregular slabs of the same fine-grained grey stone and spaced between 2.0 and 2.5 M. apart. The W. most stone A is the only one inscribed, ' VINNE MAGLI FILI SENEMAGLI ' being clearly legible and reading from top to bottom on the flat east face in two rows. The other 3 faces are irregular, display no other discernible marks and seem not to have been trampled. Its maximum dimensions are 1.10 M. high, 0.24 M. wide and 0.30 M. thick. The next stone B is a roughly flat slab of maximum 1.03 M. high, 0.44 M. wide and 0.40 M. thick. Scratch marks on its top may have been caused by its use for sharpening tools. Stone C has similar marks on its S. face; its maximum measurements 1.00 M. high, 0.50 M. wide and 0.18 M. thick. Stone D has scratch marks on its E. face and is of a similar irregular shape as A, its maximum dimensions 0.90 M. high, 0.35 M. wide and 0.15 M. thick. The smooth faces would seem to be the result of natural cleaving along bedding planes and no certain marks have been caused by trimming. Angle trimming on all 4 suggests that all originally had Ogham inscriptions.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of early medieval practises. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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