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Garn Wen Burial Chambers

A Scheduled Monument in Fishguard and Goodwick (Abergwaun ac Wdig), Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.0117 / 52°0'42"N

Longitude: -4.9909 / 4°59'27"W

OS Eastings: 194838

OS Northings: 239032

OS Grid: SM948390

Mapcode National: GBR CK.HDP1

Mapcode Global: VH1QF.FPVP

Entry Name: Garn Wen Burial Chambers

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2660

Cadw Legacy ID: PE030

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Chambered tomb

Period: Prehistoric

County: Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

Community: Fishguard and Goodwick (Abergwaun ac Wdig)

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire

Description

The monument comprises the remains of a chambered tomb, dating to the Neolithic period (c. 4,400 BC - 2,900 BC). Chambered tombs were built and used by local farming communities over long periods of time. There appear to be many regional traditions and variations in shape and construction.

The three burial chambers are in a line along the eastern side of an outcrop in area of waste ground, adjacent to a path at the rear of Harbour Village.

The northern most of the tombs has a large capstone which measures 4m in length, 2m wide and 0.7m thick; it lies on the south side of the chamber on a massive sidestone measuring 2.3m in length, 1.3m wide and 0.7m in thickness, the opposite side rests on the ground. Internally the chamber measures 4m in width, 1.6m deep and has a height of 0.7m and is open on both east and west sides.

The central tomb has a slightly larger capstone which measures 4.2m in length, 2.7m wide and is 0.5m thick; it lies on the northern side of the chamber on three small side stones, with other small side stones free standing. This chamber is also open its east and west side and internally measures, 3.2m in width, 2 deep and has a height of 0.3m. A further large stone lies to the west of this chamber.

The southern most tomb is the best preserved and has the largest which measures 4.6m in length, 2.7m wide and 0.5m thick; its north, south and eastern sides are supported by three sides tones and the ground. The chamber is open on the W side , and has internal dimensions of 3.2m in width, 2m deep and has a height of1m. One large upright stands isolated on the western side of this tomb.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric burial and ritual. The monument is an important relic of a prehistoric funerary and ritual landscape and retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of both intact burial or ritual deposits and environmental and structural evidence, including a buried prehistoric land surface. Chambered tombs may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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