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Garn Fechan Camp

A Scheduled Monument in Pencaer (Pen-caer), Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.0089 / 52°0'32"N

Longitude: -5.0604 / 5°3'37"W

OS Eastings: 190056

OS Northings: 238923

OS Grid: SM900389

Mapcode National: GBR CG.HMGC

Mapcode Global: VH1QD.7RMT

Entry Name: Garn Fechan Camp

Scheduled Date:

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2749

Cadw Legacy ID: PE471

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Hillfort

Period: Prehistoric

County: Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

Community: Pencaer (Pen-caer)

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire

Description

The monument comprises the remains of a hillfort, which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 74, the Roman conquest of Wales). Hillforts must have formed symbols of power within the landscape, while their function may have had as much to do with ostentation and display as defence. Garn Fechan consists of a complex and multi phase sequence of defences occupying a commanding craggy hill at 200m above sea level. The most of prominent of which is an enclosure defined by collapsed stone rampart surviving to c 0.7m internally and up to 2.6m externally. The enclosure is square in plan, 90m across and incorporates rocky outcrops in its circuit. Down-slope on the east side there are other lines of both earth and stone-built ramparts through which the original entrance passed. Each rampart seems to have had expanded terminals and a slight in turn at the entrance. On the west side a further rampart defines an annexe down-slope of the main enclosure. The interior has evidence of a number of hut circles and there are several rectangular structures built against the ramparts. Some hut circles underlie sections of rampart and are probably associated with an earlier phase of the fort represented by earth built banks within and partly without later defences.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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