Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Ffridd Mathrafal Hillfort

A Scheduled Monument in Llangyniew (Llangynyw), Powys

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Latitude: 52.6934 / 52°41'36"N

Longitude: -3.305 / 3°18'17"W

OS Eastings: 311899

OS Northings: 311431

OS Grid: SJ118114

Mapcode National: GBR 9S.3JYM

Mapcode Global: WH79F.6KGK

Entry Name: Ffridd Mathrafal Hillfort

Scheduled Date: 25 January 1996

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 906

Cadw Legacy ID: MG232

Schedule Class: Defence

Category: Hillfort

Period: Prehistoric

County: Powys

Community: Llangyniew (Llangynyw)

Traditional County: Montgomeryshire


The monument comprises the remains of a hillfort, which probably dates to the Iron Age period (c. 800 BC - AD 74, the Roman conquest of Wales). Hillforts are usually Iocated on hilltops and surrounded by a single or multiple earthworks of massive proportions. Hillforts must have formed symbols of power within the landscape, while their function may have had as much to do with ostentation and display as defence. Ffridd Mathrafal is an oval hilltop enclosure with two main banks and ditches encircling a domed interior. The hilltop is naturally defended by steep slopes on north, south and east, and on the gentler south-west side are two additional banks and ditches to add extra defence. The defences are clear and well preserved, about 1-1.5m in height, with external ditches visible in places. The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of later prehistoric defensive organisation and settlement. The site forms an important element within the wider later prehistoric context and within the surrounding landscape. The site is well preserved and retains considerable archaeological potential. There is a strong probability of the presence of evidence relating to chronology, building techniques and functional detail. The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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