Ancient Monuments

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Cup-Marked Stone 350m east of Tre-Fael

A Scheduled Monument in Nevern (Nanhyfer), Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.0284 / 52°1'42"N

Longitude: -4.767 / 4°46'1"W

OS Eastings: 210274

OS Northings: 240277

OS Grid: SN102402

Mapcode National: GBR CV.G88P

Mapcode Global: VH2N0.B87W

Entry Name: Cup-Marked Stone 350m E of Tre-Fael

Scheduled Date: 7 November 1958

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 2704

Cadw Legacy ID: PE313

Schedule Class: Religious, Ritual and Funerary

Category: Cup-marked stone

Period: Prehistoric

County: Pembrokeshire (Sir Benfro)

Community: Nevern (Nanhyfer)

Traditional County: Pembrokeshire

Description

The monument comprises a cup-marked rock, probably dating from the Neolithic and the Bronze Age periods (c. 4,400 BC - 1,000 BC). The stone is comprised of silicified sandstone and measures 2.5m x 1.6m x 0.28m thick, it lies in the ground at an oblique angle; leaning towards the west and has on the upper surface eighteen or more cup-marks. Cup-marks are simple round depressions carved on stone surfaces, probably created by using a pecking technique. The stone is thought to have been the capstone of a Neolithic burial chamber. A programme of geophysical survey and excavation were undertaken during the period 2010-2012. The remains of a Late Neolithic Grooved Ware pot and an intact human cremation burial were found 2m to the north of the stone while overlying a possible Neolithic ground surface immediately to the south-west of the capstone was the remains of a possible Bronze Age stone burial cist. The cist was incorporated into a shale/earth mound, thought to have originally been circular in shape that contained a vertical cut, suggesting that the stone may have been reused later upright as a standing stone. A large amount of white quartz was found to be present around the southern part of the stone, possibly representing the remains of a pavement. Additionally a total of five shale beads, thought to date to the Mesolithic were retrieved.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric ritual practices. The monument retains significant archaeological potential with a strong probability of associated archaeological features and deposits and forms an important element in the wider prehistoric funerary and ritual landscape. Cup-marked stones may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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