This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.
We don't have any photos of this monument yet. Why don't you be the first to send us one?
If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.
Latitude: 53.0743 / 53°4'27"N
Longitude: -3.0544 / 3°3'15"W
OS Eastings: 329455
OS Northings: 353526
OS Grid: SJ294535
Mapcode National: GBR 73.B8K9
Mapcode Global: WH88R.1ZSK
Entry Name: Brymbo Ironworks: Early Blast Furnace, Cast House & Foundry
Scheduled Date: 7 November 1991
Source ID: 3811
Cadw Legacy ID: DE202
Schedule Class: Industrial
Category: Industrial monument
Period: Post Medieval/Modern
County: Wrexham (Wrecsam)
Built-Up Area: Wrexham
Traditional County: Denbighshire
The monument consists of the remains of an ironworks established by John Wilkinson in 1798, remaining in use through to its adaptation to a huge steelworks, all eventually abandoned in 1990. The principal scheduled remains comprise the massive rectangular sandstone stack of the early 19th century No. 1 blast furnace occupying the site of Wilkinson's original which is known from an early print to have been circular. This stands to its full height, the walls held together with steel ties, although three of its four great arches contain later blocking. Immediately adjacent to the S are the remains of a contemporary stone cast house and to the east of that the roofless but substantially intact remains of a large foundry, both of which were subject to successive later alterations and repairs in brick and other materials. The southern walls of both structures form part of a tall and massively built continuous sandstone revetment or charge wall holding back the uphill slope. Two chambers set into this contain the rusting remains of early 20th century iron furnaces, their rusting towering cupolas at the top of the revetment wall being perhaps the most prominent features on the site. Adjoining the foundry to the east is long rectangular pattern maker's shop, which occupies three split levels with the lower at the level of the foundry and the top floor entered independently from the higher ground to the S. Numerous other documented or mapped features have been lost but are likely to survive as buried features following successive episodes of massive landscaping, including at least four additional furnaces. Associated with the scheduled remains are the upstanding early 19th century Agent's House, a colliery, the impressive 20th century brick machine shop and a network of ancillary tracks, railways, retaining walls.
The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of the early modern ironmaking industry and its development through the 19th and 20th centuries. In addition to its well preserved structures, which retain extensive details and fixings including floors, machinery and other artefacts the whole site retains high archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of buried structural remains including other documented furnaces, railway tracks and ancillary buildings, and associated archaeological features and deposits. These have high collective potential to retain evidence of the construction, development and use of the site including evolving industrial processes, machinery, construction techniques and raw materials. The scheduled remains share group value with the other upstanding and buried elements of the ironworks, later steelworks, colliery, tracks, railways and other structures.
The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.
Other nearby scheduled monuments