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Latitude: 53.0264 / 53°1'35"N
Longitude: -3.0234 / 3°1'24"W
OS Eastings: 331458
OS Northings: 348170
OS Grid: SJ314481
Mapcode National: GBR 74.FB35
Mapcode Global: WH894.J6J6
Entry Name: Bersham Colliery: No 2 Winding Gear
Scheduled Date: 15 March 1989
Source ID: 1015
Cadw Legacy ID: DE199
Schedule Class: Industrial
Category: Industrial monument
Period: Post Medieval/Modern
County: Wrexham (Wrecsam)
Built-Up Area: Rhostyllen
Traditional County: Denbighshire
The monument consists of the remains of an industrial monument, dating to the 18th or 19th century. The winding gear is formed from a steel lattice girder headframe with four near-vertical legs and two shear legs bracing it on the engine house side. The lattice girders are joined by rivetted plates. The two sheaves are still in place, together with braces above. Steps up one of the shear legs give access to a platform around the sheaves. The shaft has been capped. Bersham Colliery was one of the most important in the Denbighshire Coalfield during the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It was first sunk in 1867 but was substantially adapted and re-built in both the 1930s and the 1950s before closing in 1986. The headframe was installed on the site in 1935.
The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of 18th or 19th century industrial practices. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. The structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information concerning chronology and building techniques. An industrial monument may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.
The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.
Other nearby scheduled monuments