Ancient Monuments

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Bersham Colliery: No 2 Winding Gear

A Scheduled Monument in Esclusham, Wrexham (Wrecsam)

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Latitude: 53.0264 / 53°1'35"N

Longitude: -3.0234 / 3°1'24"W

OS Eastings: 331458

OS Northings: 348170

OS Grid: SJ314481

Mapcode National: GBR 74.FB35

Mapcode Global: WH894.J6J6

Entry Name: Bersham Colliery: No 2 Winding Gear

Scheduled Date: 15 March 1989

Source: Cadw

Source ID: 1015

Cadw Legacy ID: DE199

Schedule Class: Industrial

Category: Industrial monument

Period: Post Medieval/Modern

County: Wrexham (Wrecsam)

Community: Esclusham

Built-Up Area: Rhostyllen

Traditional County: Denbighshire


The monument consists of the remains of an industrial monument, dating to the 18th or 19th century. The winding gear is formed from a steel lattice girder headframe with four near-vertical legs and two shear legs bracing it on the engine house side. The lattice girders are joined by rivetted plates. The two sheaves are still in place, together with braces above. Steps up one of the shear legs give access to a platform around the sheaves. The shaft has been capped. Bersham Colliery was one of the most important in the Denbighshire Coalfield during the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It was first sunk in 1867 but was substantially adapted and re-built in both the 1930s and the 1950s before closing in 1986. The headframe was installed on the site in 1935.

The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of 18th or 19th century industrial practices. It retains significant archaeological potential, with a strong probability of the presence of associated archaeological features and deposits. The structure itself may be expected to contain archaeological information concerning chronology and building techniques. An industrial monument may be part of a larger cluster of monuments and their importance can further enhanced by their group value.

The scheduled area comprises the remains described and areas around them within which related evidence may be expected to survive.

Source: Cadw

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