Ancient Monuments

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Duchary Rock, fort

A Scheduled Monument in East Sutherland and Edderton, Highland

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Latitude: 58.0173 / 58°1'2"N

Longitude: -3.9469 / 3°56'48"W

OS Eastings: 285078

OS Northings: 904786

OS Grid: NC850047

Mapcode National: GBR J7MJ.NRQ

Mapcode Global: WH4CX.BRR6

Entry Name: Duchary Rock, fort

Scheduled Date: 6 April 1935

Last Amended: 16 September 2016

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM1854

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: fort (includes hill and promontory fort)

Location: Clyne

County: Highland

Electoral Ward: East Sutherland and Edderton

Traditional County: Sutherland


The monument is the remains of a fort, probably dating from the Iron Age (between 600 BC and AD 400). It occupies a steep sided ridge around 230m above sea level, taking advantage of the natural protection afforded by steep cliffs. Substantial stone walls are visible at the north and south ends where the cliffs give way to steep slopes. The walls and cliffs enclose an area of around 300m northwest-southeast by about 110m transversely.

The scheduled area is irregular on plan, to include the remains described above and an area around within which evidence relating to the monument's construction and use is expected to survive, and adjoining land essential for the monument's support and preservation, as shown in red on the accompanying map. The scheduled area extends up to, but excludes, the track to the southwest. The monument was first scheduled in 1935, but an inadequate area was included to protect all of the archaeological remains: the present amendment rectifies this.


Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because it has an inherent potential to make a significant addition to our understanding of Iron Age society in Sutherland and the function, use and development of forts and other defended sites. This is a good example of a fort, occupying a spectacular location with contemporary sites in the vicinity. The outer works of the fort are impressive, formed by substantial stone walls which add to the strong natural defences of Duchary Rock. Architectural features such as wall facings, door checks and building joints are visible, and the site demonstrates how naturally defensive locations were chosen and augmented to create defended settlements. The monument's importance is enhanced by its association with other Iron Age settlement to the north and northeast. The loss of the monument would significantly diminish our future ability to appreciate and understand the character, development and use of forts, and the nature of Iron Age society, economy and social hierarchy in the north of Scotland and further afield.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



Historic Environment Scotland reference number CANMORE ID 6535 (accessed on 30/05/2016).

The Highland Council HER reference is MHG10863 (accessed on 30/05/2016).

Close-Brooks, J. (1986) Exploring Scotland's heritage: the Highlands, Exploring Scotland's heritage series. Edinburgh.

Close-Brooks, J. (1995) The Highlands, Exploring Scotland's Heritage series, ed. by Anna Ritchie. 2nd. Edinburgh.

Feachem, R. (1963) A guide to prehistoric Scotland. 1st. London.

Hogg, A H A. (1975) Hill-forts of Britain. London.

RCAHMS. (1911) The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Second report and inventory of monuments and constructions in the county of Sutherland. Edinburgh.


HER/SMR Reference


Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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