Ancient Monuments

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Fairhill, cairn 20m north of 96 Millgate Road

A Scheduled Monument in Hamilton South, South Lanarkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.7619 / 55°45'42"N

Longitude: -4.0555 / 4°3'19"W

OS Eastings: 271121

OS Northings: 653969

OS Grid: NS711539

Mapcode National: GBR 013T.SC

Mapcode Global: WH4QW.PF0Q

Entry Name: Fairhill, cairn 20m N of 96 Millgate Road

Scheduled Date: 7 November 1980

Last Amended: 26 November 2015

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4336

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric ritual and funerary: cairn (type uncertain)

Location: Hamilton

County: South Lanarkshire

Electoral Ward: Hamilton South

Traditional County: Lanarkshire

Description

The monument is a burial cairn dating probably to the Bronze Age (between about 2000 BC and 800 BC). It is visible as a low, roughly circular, grass-covered mound, measuring approximately 12m in diameter and standing about 1m high. The monument is located at around 105m above sea level, close to the Cadzow Burn. Today it forms part of amenity grassland within a housing estate. The monument was first scheduled in 1980, but the documentation did not meet modern standards: the present amendment rectifies this.

The scheduled area is irregular on plan to include the remains described above and an area around them within which evidence relating to the monument's construction, use and abandonment is expected to survive, as shown in red on the accompanying map. The scheduling specifically excludes the above-ground elements of all public realm infrastructure, including telegraph poles, signage and fencing, to allow for their maintenance.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because it has the potential to make a significant addition to our understanding of the design, construction and use of burial monuments and the nature of belief systems and burial practices during the Bronze Age in Scotland. Ritual and funerary monuments are often our main source of evidence for human activity during the Bronze Age and are particularly important for enhancing our understanding of Bronze Age society, its organisation, economy, religion and demography. Despite some antiquarian disturbance, this cairn is reasonably well-preserved, enabling us to assess and understand its original form and function and its position in the landscape. It also retains high potential for buried archaeological remains, including human burials, artefacts and palaeoenvironmental evidence. It is a rare prehistoric survival in what is now an urban environment. The loss of the monument would significantly diminish our ability to appreciate and understand funerary practice, death and burial in prehistoric times, and the placing of such monuments within the landscape.

 

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

Other Information

RCAHMS record the monument as NS75SW 4.

References

RCAHMS, 1978, The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. Lanarkshire: An Inventory of the Prehistoric and Roman Monuments. Edinburgh. 53, no 52.

NSA (New Statistical Account), 1845, The New Statistical Account of Scotland by the Ministers of the Respective Parishes under the Superintendence of a Committee of the Society for the Benefit of the Sons and Daughters of the Clergy. Edinburgh, 270.

Canmore

https://canmore.org.uk/site/45736/


HER/SMR Reference

WoSAS ID 9851

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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