Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Preston Cleugh, fort 2000m north of Preston

A Scheduled Monument in Mid Berwickshire, Scottish Borders

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Latitude: 55.8273 / 55°49'38"N

Longitude: -2.3277 / 2°19'39"W

OS Eastings: 379566

OS Northings: 659383

OS Grid: NT795593

Mapcode National: GBR D151.VX

Mapcode Global: WH8WW.6STM

Entry Name: Preston Cleugh, fort 2000m N of Preston

Scheduled Date: 31 March 1927

Last Amended: 13 September 2001

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM376

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: fort (includes hill and promontory fort)

Location: Bunkle and Preston

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Mid Berwickshire

Traditional County: Berwickshire


The monument is a later prehistoric fort, a defended settlement dating from the early to middle phases of the Iron Age (c.500-100BC). The monument was originally scheduled in 1927 and again in 1961, but the area designated was larger than necessary to protect the archaeological remains. The current rescheduling rectifies this.

The monument lies at around 220m OD on the N end of a natural spur overlooking Preston Cleugh. The interior of the fort is roughly oval in shape, with a flattened E side, and measures approximately 75m E-W by 60m N-S. On the NW, W and S sides it is defended by three substantial ramparts with two medial ditches giving an overall height of over 3m in places. On the N and E of the fort, the steep natural defences of the site reduce the need for ramparts, with only the inner rampart continuing on the N and a separate section of rampart built to cover the E side. The main entrance to the site is from the W, but there is also a smaller entrance on the E. The footings of circular buildings have been recorded within the fort.

The area to be scheduled is irregular in shape, measuring a maximum of 140m N-S by 150m E-W, as shown in red on the attached plan. The top 30cm of road surface within the scheduled area is specifically excluded from the scheduling.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as an excellent field example of its type, with the potential to enhance our knowledge of prehistoric settlement, economy, environment and social organisation.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



The monument is recorded in the RCAHMS as NT 75 NE 7.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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