Ancient Monuments

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South Houllan,farmstead and field system 220m north west of

A Scheduled Monument in Shetland West, Shetland Islands

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Coordinates

Latitude: 60.2821 / 60°16'55"N

Longitude: -1.4705 / 1°28'13"W

OS Eastings: 429383

OS Northings: 1155444

OS Grid: HU293554

Mapcode National: GBR Q1QK.GY8

Mapcode Global: XHD2H.7TTF

Entry Name: South Houllan,farmstead and field system 220m NW of

Scheduled Date: 29 January 1993

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5554

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: homestead

Location: Sandsting

County: Shetland Islands

Electoral Ward: Shetland West

Traditional County: Shetland

Description

The monument conists of the remains of a prehistoric farmstead with an attached enclosure and other remains of fields.

The farmstead comprises a large mound of tumbled boulders, within which can be identified the outer face of the wall of an oval structure some 10.5m E-W by 9.0m N-S, with an entrance at the W end, flanked by two larger boulders. The interior is confused, but there are traces of alcoves along the side walls. To the W is a large sub- rectangular enclosure, which is attached to the farmstead. There are several traces of less well-defined walling, particularly to the S of the main enclosure.

The area to be scheduled is a quadrilateral, measuring a maximum of 90m NNE-SSW by 75m WNW-ESE, to include the farmstead, enclosure and the nearer portions of the field walls. The E side lies 20m downslope from a new fenceline. The area to be scheduled is shown in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as a well-preserved isolated prehistoric farming settlement (late Neolithic of Bronze Age in date) which displays an apparently simple arrangement of a single house and yard with outlying fields, the whole predating peat growth in the area. As such it has the potential to provide evidence relating to the development of agricultural settlement in marginal areas, and to the climatic and other changes which led to the abandonment of such settlement.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as HU25NE 15.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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