Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Craw Knowe,chambered cairn

A Scheduled Monument in Shetland West, Shetland Islands

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Latitude: 60.2108 / 60°12'38"N

Longitude: -1.483 / 1°28'58"W

OS Eastings: 428751

OS Northings: 1147490

OS Grid: HU287474

Mapcode National: GBR Q1PR.96D

Mapcode Global: XHD2W.2MR4

Entry Name: Craw Knowe,chambered cairn

Scheduled Date: 29 January 1993

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5557

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric ritual and funerary: chambered cairn

Location: Sandsting

County: Shetland Islands

Electoral Ward: Shetland West

Traditional County: Shetland


The monument consists of the remains of a prehistoric chambered burial cairn on the summit of Craw Knowe.

The cairn is of the Shetland "heel-shaped" type, 8m in approximate diameter with a concave facade facing SE. The remains of a central chamber can be seen, but the detail of its plan is obscured by tumbled stone. In addition, some stone has fallen outside the kerb (which is formed of very large boulders). Although the chamber has been opened, the rest of the cairn seems to have been relatively little disturbed.

The area to be scheduled is circular on plan, 40m in diameter and centred on the cairn, to include the cairn and an area around in which evidence relating to its construction and use may survive, as indicated in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as one of a large group of small cairns in West Mainland Shetland, which appear to span the late Neolithic and earlier Bronze Age. As a group these cairns have the potential to contribute, by study and further excavation, to an understanding of this ill-defined period of Shetland prehistory. The monument itself may seal below it contemporary soils, which could provide evidence for prehistoric environmental conditions and economic activity.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as HU24NE 2.

Henshall AS Chambered Tombs of Scotland 1 1963 p 157

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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