Ancient Monuments

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Broomholm, Roman fort

A Scheduled Monument in Annandale East and Eskdale, Dumfries and Galloway

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Latitude: 55.1237 / 55°7'25"N

Longitude: -2.976 / 2°58'33"W

OS Eastings: 337856

OS Northings: 581470

OS Grid: NY378814

Mapcode National: GBR 79N6.H3

Mapcode Global: WH7YX.8G3Y

Entry Name: Broomholm, Roman fort

Scheduled Date: 3 June 1965

Last Amended: 3 October 1996

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM2524

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Roman: annexe

Location: Langholm

County: Dumfries and Galloway

Electoral Ward: Annandale East and Eskdale

Traditional County: Dumfriesshire


The monument consists of the remains of a Roman fort, occupied on at least two occasions, situated on the summit of Broomholm Knowe. The

fort overlies an earlier defensive structure and is in turn overlain

by a later settlement.

The site was partly excavated in the 1960s, and the following

sequence established. A ditched non-Roman settlement had either

decayed or was deliberately slighted. Over this was built a

rectangular fort measuring 175m by 100m with an annexe on the S side.

At least two ditches and ramparts were provided, and these were added

to later, with up to 4 ditches by the final phase. On all sides

except the SE these defences can be seen on the ground, the best

portion being the SW. A later, smaller fort, succeeded this construction. Measuring 100m by 82m, it occupied the S part of the earlier fort. No traces of this phase are visible on the ground, but

the ditches are visible in aerial photographs. After the abandonment

of the site by the Romans, a settlement of at least one round house

was built on it. This, too, is not visible on the ground.

The area to be scheduled is an irregular quadrilateral. The NW side

is 380m, the NE 160m, the SE 350m and the SW 190m, to include the

forts and their outer ramparts and ditches, the non-Roman settlements and an area around them in which evidence relating to their

construction and use may survive, as marked in red on the

accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland


No Bibliography entries for this designation

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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