Ancient Monuments

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Inchtuthil, Roman fortress

A Scheduled Monument in Strathtay, Perth and Kinross

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Latitude: 56.5399 / 56°32'23"N

Longitude: -3.4274 / 3°25'38"W

OS Eastings: 312321

OS Northings: 739572

OS Grid: NO123395

Mapcode National: GBR V6.GZNC

Mapcode Global: WH6PL.BW48

Entry Name: Inchtuthil, Roman fortress

Scheduled Date: 28 September 1936

Last Amended: 9 October 1995

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM1606

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Roman: fort

Location: Caputh

County: Perth and Kinross

Electoral Ward: Strathtay

Traditional County: Perthshire


The monument comprises the remains of a Roman fortress and a series of associated enclosures and temporary works surviving partially as earthworks and partially as a series of cropmarks visible on aerial photographs.

The fortress lies at the core of a series of temporary compounds and camps on a low plateau above the River Tay. It represents a major frontier work of the Flavian period, dating to the latter part of the 1st century AD. The fortress itself along with two associated enclosures occupies the E part of the site while the W part is occupied by a series of temporary camps associated with its construction. Among the areas of Roman activity are further cropmark features of likely prehistoric date.

The area to be scheduled encompasses the remains of the fort and the associated cropmarks as visible on the ground and in aerial photographs. It is divided into two irregular portions. The E part has maximum dimensions of 1080m E-W by 890m and the W part has maximum dimensions of 540m E-W by 320m, all as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as a unique source of evidence for the development of a major Roman military installation on the imperial frontiers. Evidence is preserved relating to the construction, occupation and dismantling of the installation in the form of an unparalleled range of military constructions.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NO 13 NW 5.


Pitts, L. F. and St. Joseph, J. K. (1985) Inchtuthil: the Roman legionary fortress, Britannia Monograph Series No. 6, London.

RCAHMS (1994) The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland. South-east Perth: an archaeological landscape, Edinburgh, 77-84, 160.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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