Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Millhole, unenclosed settlement 450m ESE of

A Scheduled Monument in Strathtay, Perth and Kinross

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Latitude: 56.5569 / 56°33'25"N

Longitude: -3.4544 / 3°27'15"W

OS Eastings: 310699

OS Northings: 741499

OS Grid: NO106414

Mapcode National: GBR V5.TZ9P

Mapcode Global: WH5NF.XG67

Entry Name: Millhole, unenclosed settlement 450m ESE of

Scheduled Date: 8 December 1997

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM7166

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: house

Location: Caputh

County: Perth and Kinross

Electoral Ward: Strathtay

Traditional County: Perthshire


The monument comprises the remains of an unenclosed settlement of prehistoric date, visible as cropmarks on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument lies on a gravel river terrace at about 45m OD, presently arable farmland. It comprises a series of features, of which the largest is a crescent-shaped cropmark measuring about 14m across, which appears to represent the remains of a former timber roundhouse. Close to the N of this is a souterrain showing as a cropmark some 15m in length by 4m wide.

Souterrains are subterranean structures generally thought to have been used for storage in later prehistory. Other, smaller cropmarks representing a series of pits lie between and around these features and appear to represent the remains of associated structures and deposits.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is circular with a diameter of 80m, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and economy. Its importance is increased by its close proximity to monuments of potentially contemporary date.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NO 14 SW 65.

Aerial Photographs used:

RCAHMS (1986) A30133 NO14SW19, 30, 65, 66, 72.

RCAHMS (1986) A30135 NO14SW19, 30, 65, 66, 72.

RCAHMS (1989) A30134/TR NO14SW19, 30, 65, 72.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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