Ancient Monuments

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Castle Hill, fort

A Scheduled Monument in Jedburgh and District, Scottish Borders

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.5165 / 55°30'59"N

Longitude: -2.5964 / 2°35'47"W

OS Eastings: 362435

OS Northings: 624916

OS Grid: NT624249

Mapcode National: GBR B49N.P9

Mapcode Global: WH8Y9.2LWS

Entry Name: Castle Hill, fort

Scheduled Date: 11 October 1960

Last Amended: 9 October 1995

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM1712

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: fort (includes hill and promontory fort)

Location: Ancrum

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Jedburgh and District

Traditional County: Roxburghshire

Description

The monument comprises a fort which occupies the summit of Castle Hill, above the Ale Water.

The fort occupies three contiguous enclosures, lying roughly E-W. The westernmost one is oval on plan and measures 61m from E-W by 50m transversely within a boulder-faced rubble wall (up to 3m thick), which includes massive basal stones. There are two entrances: on the E communicating with the other enclosures, and on the NW, where a gap leads through an outer wall which runs around the N and W side of the enclosure. The easternmost enclosure measures 49m by 21 m and 58m by 24m within similar walls. Each has an entrance in line with the westernmost enclosure. It is impossible to detect whether they are contemporary or successive works, although their uniform construction suggests they are likely to be broadly contemporary and this may therefore be a hierarchical fort of Early Historic date.

The area to be scheduled is irregular on plan and measures up to 200m from WSW to ENE by 110m transversely, to include the fort and an area around in which traces of activities associated with its construction and use may survive, as marked in red on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography
No Bibliography entries for this designation

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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