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Landberg,fort,South Haven,Fair Isle

A Scheduled Monument in Shetland South, Shetland Islands

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Coordinates

Latitude: 59.5357 / 59°32'8"N

Longitude: -1.6075 / 1°36'26"W

OS Eastings: 422300

OS Northings: 1072261

OS Grid: HZ223722

Mapcode National: GBR Q3DJ.D6F

Mapcode Global: XHD63.GL64

Entry Name: Landberg,fort,South Haven,Fair Isle

Scheduled Date: 15 December 1953

Last Amended: 22 December 1993

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM2082

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: fort (includes hill and promontory fort)

Location: Dunrossness

County: Shetland Islands

Electoral Ward: Shetland South

Traditional County: Shetland

Description

The monument consists of a small promontory fort. Ramparts with medial ditches cut off the base of an elongated triangle, the other two sides being defined by the edges of cliffs. The ramparts do not exceed 1m in height, nor the ditches 1m in depth, as presently surviving. A narrow causeway leads through to the interior of the fort. To the E of this causeway there are 3 ramparts and 2 ditches, to the W only 2 and 1 respectively.

Indefinite foundations survive within the fort, and are probably of later date than the ramparts. Artefacts discovered on the site suggest a middle to late Iron Age date (c. 100 BC to c. 500 AD) for use of the interior.

The area to be scheduled is triangular, bounded on the E and W by the top of steep cliffs and on the N by a line drawn 20m N of the outer foot of the outermost rampart, 115m N-S by a maximum of 45m E-W, as indicated in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as a fine field monument, an excellent example of a small northern multivallate promontory fort, with proven evidence of surviving occupation deposits. Surface features and location, together with evidence available upon excavation, offer considerable information about the construction, use and place in contemporary settlement patterns of such small forts, which are a significant, although numerically small, category in an area more noted for brochs.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS record the site as HZ27SW 6.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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