Ancient Monuments

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The Caterthuns, hillforts

A Scheduled Monument in Brechin and Edzell, Angus

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Latitude: 56.7841 / 56°47'2"N

Longitude: -2.7416 / 2°44'29"W

OS Eastings: 354784

OS Northings: 766085

OS Grid: NO547660

Mapcode National: GBR WS.VQFM

Mapcode Global: WH7PW.VRN2

Entry Name: The Caterthuns, hillforts

Scheduled Date: 18 August 1882

Last Amended: 15 March 2000

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM90069

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: fort (includes hill and promontory fort)

Location: Menmuir

County: Angus

Electoral Ward: Brechin and Edzell

Traditional County: Angus


The monument comprises two substantial hillforts, known as the Brown and White Caterthuns. The two forts are in the care of the Secretary of State for Scotland and are being re-scheduled to extend protection to encompass all of the known archaeological remains.

The forts occupy the summits of two adjacent hills, commanding much of the fertile farmland of Strathmore and rising to between 260m and 300m OD. The Brown Caterthun is a multi-period fort, remodelled throughout the 1st millennium BC, and defined by multiple lines of earth and stone ramparts and ditches. The White Caterthun is similar in form, but capped by a massive stone-walled fort, which encloses an area of the summit measuring some 140m by 60m.

There are a number of ring-ditches, representing the remains of timber roundhouses, both within and outwith the defences. Recent excavations have also demonstrated the presence of prehistoric cultivation remains on and around the White Caterthun.

The area to be scheduled encompasses the remains described and an area around them in which related deposits may be expected to survive. It is divided into two irregularly-shaped areas. That on the Brown Caterthun measures 530m between its E and W-most points, and 690m between its N and S-most points. That on the White Caterthun measures 680m between its E and W-most points, and 560m between its N and S-most points. Both areas are marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland


No Bibliography entries for this designation

Historic Environment Scotland Properties
Caterthun, White
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Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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