Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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A Scheduled Monument in Aboyne, Upper Deeside and Donside, Aberdeenshire

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Latitude: 57.1376 / 57°8'15"N

Longitude: -2.8197 / 2°49'10"W

OS Eastings: 350486

OS Northings: 805486

OS Grid: NJ504054

Mapcode National: GBR WP.4CBR

Mapcode Global: WH7N3.NVHM

Entry Name: Culsh,souterrain

Scheduled Date: 23 May 1994

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM90091

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: souterrain, earth-house

Location: Tarland

County: Aberdeenshire

Electoral Ward: Aboyne, Upper Deeside and Donside

Traditional County: Aberdeenshire


The monument is a souterrain, an underground storage chamber of the Iron Age, situated immediately to the north of the Culsh farm steading on the edge of the A974 road.

The souterrain is stone walled and roofed with stone slabs. It measures about 14.5 m long, between 0.75m and 1.8m broad and up to 1.8m high. There are two cupmarks on the northern wall. Its entrance lies at the western end.

The area to be scheduled measures 20m WNW to ESE by 20m transversely, bounded on the north side by the main road and on the south side by the farm buildings (which are specifically excluded from the scheduling), as marked in red on the attached map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as a well preserved souterrain in an area where few are safe and open to the public.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NJ 50 NW 1.


Jervise, A 1865, 'Notes on the 'Eirde House', at Culsh, in Tarland, Aberdeenshire', Pro Soc Antiq Scot, vol. 5, 283-4.

Simpson, W D 1943, The Province of Mar, being the Rhind Lectures, Aberdeen University Studies, 121 Aberdeen, 74.
Historic Environment Scotland Properties
Culsh Earth House
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Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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