Ancient Monuments

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Stanhope, farmsteads SSW of

A Scheduled Monument in Tweeddale West, Scottish Borders

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.5519 / 55°33'6"N

Longitude: -3.3938 / 3°23'37"W

OS Eastings: 312168

OS Northings: 629570

OS Grid: NT121295

Mapcode National: GBR 44R7.1M

Mapcode Global: WH6VF.VQ36

Entry Name: Stanhope, farmsteads SSW of

Scheduled Date: 2 November 1999

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM8164

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Secular: farmstead

Location: Drumelzier

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Tweeddale West

Traditional County: Peeblesshire

Description

The monument comprises two farmsteads of medieval or later date, visible as a series of upstanding wall footings and earthworks.

The monument lies at the crest of a natural scarp on the N slope of Laigh Hill, at around 230m OD. It consists of two farmsteads. The first measures about 35m by about 25m, defined by a boulder-faced rubble wall measuring about 2.5m thick. Overlying the NW side of the enclosure is a rectangular structure measuring about 16m by about 7m, with walls measuring about 1.2m in width and standing to a height of about 0.4m.

This substantial structure may represent the remains of a tower mentioned in a charter dating from 1645. Immediately to the SW of the structure are traces of a second building, and in the SE corner of the enclosure are traces of a third building with a sunken interior. The second farmstead lies about 40m to the NE of the first. It comprises at least four buildings within an enclosure bounded by a wall measuring about 1.5m thick except on the NE, where the wall has been destroyed by a modern track, and on the NW, where it is bounded by a scarp crest.

In the E half of the enclosure, which measures about 50m NE-SW by about 35m transversely, are the remains of a structure with a scooped interior. Traces of a similar structure are visible immediately to the N. There are traces of two further rectilinear structures within the enclosure, in the NW corner. A single building, measuring about 7m by about 5m, lies between the two farmsteads.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is irregular in shape, with maximum dimensions of 155m ENE-WSW by 70m, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to greatly enhance our understanding of post-medieval rural settlement in the area. Its importance is increased by its proximity to other monuments of potentially contemporary date.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NT 12 NW 3 and 4.

Bibliography:

RCAHMS (1967) Peeblesshire. An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments. HMSO Edinburgh.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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