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Stanhope, fort, scooped settlement and enclosed settlements south west of

A Scheduled Monument in Tweeddale West, Scottish Borders

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.5515 / 55°33'5"N

Longitude: -3.3965 / 3°23'47"W

OS Eastings: 311998

OS Northings: 629527

OS Grid: NT119295

Mapcode National: GBR 44Q7.GS

Mapcode Global: WH6VF.SQTJ

Entry Name: Stanhope, fort, scooped settlement and enclosed settlements SW of

Scheduled Date: 17 July 1968

Last Amended: 15 November 1999

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM2675

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: fort (includes hill and promontory fort)

Location: Drumelzier

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Tweeddale West

Traditional County: Peeblesshire

Description

The monument comprises a fort and two enclosed settlements of prehistoric date, visible as a series of upstanding earthworks and low walls. The monument was first scheduled in 1968, but an inadequate area was included to protect all of the archaeological remains. The present rescheduling rectifies this.

The monument lies on the N slope of Laigh Hill, between about 220m OD and 270m OD. The fort measures about 130m E-W by about 120m transversely overall. It is defined by three walls, all of which now appear as low bands of rubble, and the outermost of which is followed for most of its extent by a ruined plantation dyke. The innermost wall measures about 4m wide and encloses a roughly circular area measuring about 50m E-W by about 45m transversely. The medial wall measures about 3m wide. It does not follow exactly the course of the inner wall. At places it comes to within 1m of the inner wall, while on the E and NNW there is a gap of some 15m between the two. Both walls have a number of facing stones visible, particularly on the S. The outer wall measures about 2.5m wide and is surrounded on the S and W sides by an external ditch and rampart. The NE sector of the outer wall has been removed to make way for a scooped settlement of later date. The entrance to the fort is on the NW. Within the fort there are eleven house platforms measuring between about 6m and 10m in diameter. Nine of them are within the perimeter of the innermost wall, and two lie between the medial and outermost walls on the W and N. The scooped settlement overlying the outer wall on the NE covers an area measuring about 40m in diameter. It consists of a number of low stony banks and scarps, and contains at least one house platform.

Immediately to the N of the fort is an enclosed settlement measuring about 40m E-W by about 19m transversely, defined by a wall now visible as a low bank measuring about 4m wide. Within the interior are two circular house platforms measuring about 6m and 5m in diameter respectively.

About 20m to the NNE of the enclosed settlement is another, oval-shaped enclosed settlement measuring about 40m WNW-ESE by about 25m transversely. It is defined by a low stony bank in which several outer facing stones are visible. The entrance, on the N, is about 1.5m wide and is revetted on either side by an earthfast boulder.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is irregular with maximum dimensions of 200m N-S by 145m E-W, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography
No Bibliography entries for this designation

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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