Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Pitroddie Farm, souterrain and unenclosed settlement 250m south east of

A Scheduled Monument in Carse of Gowrie, Perth and Kinross

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Latitude: 56.4104 / 56°24'37"N

Longitude: -3.2705 / 3°16'13"W

OS Eastings: 321700

OS Northings: 724962

OS Grid: NO217249

Mapcode National: GBR 25.035Y

Mapcode Global: WH6QF.Q4TK

Entry Name: Pitroddie Farm, souterrain and unenclosed settlement 250m SE of

Scheduled Date: 4 February 2000

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM7220

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: souterrain, earth-house

Location: Kilspindie

County: Perth and Kinross

Electoral Ward: Carse of Gowrie

Traditional County: Perthshire


The monument comprises a souterrain of prehistoric date and the remains of contemporary timber houses, visible as cropmarks on oblique aerial photographs. Souterrains are subterranean structures generally regarded as having been used for storage in later prehistory.

The monument lies in arable farmland at around 30m OD. There is a souterrain complex, comprising two interconnected passages laid out in a Z-shape. Pale lines cutting across part of the souterrain, visible on the aerial photographs, probably indicate the position of roofing slabs still surviving intact.

Immediately to the NW there is a disc-shaped cropmark, measuring about 10m in diameter, while to the W there is a crescent-shaped cropmark, measuring about 15m in length. Between these two cropmarks there is a faint amorphous cropmark. Some 40m to the NW there are a further two crescentic cropmarks, measuring about 10m across. From experience on excavated sites these crescents and discs probably represent the remains of timber roundhouses.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is irregular with maximum dimensions of 190m from its easternmost corner to its westernmost, by 200m from its northernmost corner to its southernmost, bounded on the SE by the field boundary (which is specifically excluded from the scheduling) along the public road, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and economy. Its importance is enhanced by its proximity to broadly contemporary settlements.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NO 22 SW 44.

Aerial Photographs used:

RCAHMS (1984) A29265 NO22SW44.

RCAHMS (1984) A64740 NO22SW44.

RCAHMS (1992) C577 NO22SW44.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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