Ancient Monuments

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Leuchars Castle, settlement 200m and 400m west of and 240m WNW of

A Scheduled Monument in Tay Bridgehead, Fife

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Coordinates

Latitude: 56.3885 / 56°23'18"N

Longitude: -2.8949 / 2°53'41"W

OS Eastings: 344844

OS Northings: 722162

OS Grid: NO448221

Mapcode National: GBR 2M.1HKZ

Mapcode Global: WH7RR.HPPC

Entry Name: Leuchars Castle, settlement 200m and 400m W of and 240m WNW of

Scheduled Date: 23 January 1998

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6879

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: settlement

Location: Leuchars

County: Fife

Electoral Ward: Tay Bridgehead

Traditional County: Fife

Description

The monument is a group of settlement remains of prehistoric date, visible as cropmarks on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument lies in arable farmland at around 20m OD. In the eastern corner of a field there is a cluster of disc-shaped cropmarks, measuring up to 16m in diameter. Immediately to the W of these there are at least two ring-ditches and a number of pits and other linear features. About 120m to the N, there is a sub-rectangular enclosure measuring about 22m NNW-SSE by 14m.

Near the centre of the field there is another ring-ditch measuring about 10m in overall diameter, and this appears to have an entrance on the W. On the western side of the field there is a sub-rectangular enclosure measuring about 20m NNW-SSE by 14m, within a ditch about 1m broad. To the E of this there is a palisaded enclosure, irregular in shape, measuring about 70m in maximum diameter.

There are a number of other linear features and indeterminate cropmarks within the field, which may be expected to represent associated structures. The ring-ditches and disc cropmarks represent the remains of circular timber houses, while the sub-rectangular enclosures may represent rectilinear buildings. The palisaded enclosure comprises a narrow continuous trench within which a timber fence would have been set.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is divided into three parts of unequal size. The part to the N is a circle lacking part of the E side, with a maximum diameter of 50m, bounded on the E by a road.

That to the S is a circle lacking part of the E and S sides, with a maximum diameter of 120m, bounded on the E and SE by roads and the boundary of a built-over area. That to the W is sub-rectangular, measuring 170m ENE-WSW by 100m. All three parts of the area to be scheduled are marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and economy. Its importance is enhanced by its proximity to sites of potentially contemporary date.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NO 42 SW 19.

Aerial Photographs used:

RCAHMS (1989) B21079 NO42SW19.

RCAHMS (1989) B21077 NO42SW19.

RCHAMS (1990) F/5424/TR NO42SW19, 30.

RCAHMS (1990) B/21074/TR NO42SW19.

RCAHMS (1989) B21075 NO42SW19.

RCAHMS (1989) B21074 NO42SW19

RCAHMS (1989) B18837 NO42SW19.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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