Ancient Monuments

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Southfield, unenclosed settlement west of

A Scheduled Monument in Tay Bridgehead, Fife

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Coordinates

Latitude: 56.387 / 56°23'13"N

Longitude: -2.9158 / 2°54'56"W

OS Eastings: 343553

OS Northings: 722016

OS Grid: NO435220

Mapcode National: GBR 2L.1JW8

Mapcode Global: WH7RR.5QSH

Entry Name: Southfield, unenclosed settlement W of

Scheduled Date: 30 September 1997

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6802

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: settlement

Location: Leuchars

County: Fife

Electoral Ward: Tay Bridgehead

Traditional County: Fife

Description

The monument comprises an unenclosed settlement of prehistoric date, visible as cropmarks on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument lies in arable farmland at around 35m OD. It comprises three ring-ditches measuring about 12m in diameter with ditches some 2m wide. There is a disc-shaped cropmark some 8m in diameter, and at least one souterrain about 5m to the SW of this disc, measuring about 12m in length. There are a number of pits, especially in the middle section of the field. Ring-ditches and discs such as these have been shown on excavation to represent the remains of former timber roundhouses. Souterrains were subterranean structures generally thought to have been used for storage in later prehistory.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the visible remains and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is irregular in shape with maximum dimensions of 170m NNW-SSE by 360m NE-SW as marked in red on the accompanying map extract. The scheduling excludes the modern field boundaries which form the NE and SE edges of the scheduled area.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of prehistoric settlement and economy. Its importance is enhanced by its proximity to sites of potentially contemporary date.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NO 42 SW 68.

Aerial Photographs used:

RCAHMS (1988) A56934 NO42SW68.

RCAHMS (1988) A56938 NO42SW68.

RCAHMS (1990) A56936 NO42SW68, 70.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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