Ancient Monuments

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Gogar Mains,fort,palisaded enclosure and field system 850m SSE of

A Scheduled Monument in Almond, City of Edinburgh

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Latitude: 55.9383 / 55°56'17"N

Longitude: -3.3376 / 3°20'15"W

OS Eastings: 316542

OS Northings: 672503

OS Grid: NT165725

Mapcode National: GBR 23.YS5S

Mapcode Global: WH6SQ.P0VF

Entry Name: Gogar Mains,fort,palisaded enclosure and field system 850m SSE of

Scheduled Date: 10 November 1988

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4573

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: field or field system

Location: Edinburgh

County: City of Edinburgh

Electoral Ward: Almond

Traditional County: Midlothian


The monument comprises the remains of two enclosures, both visible from the air as cropmarks. They are located in an arable field adjacent to the A8 main road. The more substantial of the two is a fort of the Iron Age; on the aerial photographs two lines of defence (a pair of ditches) are visible; the area they enclose, which measures approximately 100m by 40m, is defined on the SE side by a steep drop to the valley of an un-named burn.

The ditches, which were probably accompanied by ramparts, cut off the easy approach from the NW. The enclosed area will contain the remains of timber houses and other structures. The other enclosure is defined by a palisade slot and measures 70m in diameter; from comparison with other known sites it is almost certainly a settlement of the early Iron Age. Once again the remains of structures will survive below the modern ploughsoil. Radiating out from this enclosure are other slots, probably representing the remains of prehistoric field divisions.

The area to be scheduled measures 390m E to W by 150m transversly, to include the two enclosures, the field divisions and an area around them in which traces of activities associated with their use will survive, as marked in red on the attached map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The two enclosures which comprise this monument are of national importance as Iron Age settlements which have the potential, through excavation, to enhance considerably our understanding of prehistoric settlement and agriculture. In this part of Scotland very few unploughed forts and no unploughed palisaded enclosures are known.

Their importance is enhanced because of their proximity to each other; two separate phases of occupation are represented. The field boundary ditches contemporary with the palisaded enclosure are of particular importance because such features do not often survive. The examination of the relationship between the two settlements and the field system would considerably increase our knowledge of the development of the prehistoric landscape.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland


No Bibliography entries for this designation

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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