Ancient Monuments

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Knock Hill,fort

A Scheduled Monument in Leaderdale and Melrose, Scottish Borders

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Latitude: 55.6891 / 55°41'20"N

Longitude: -2.6118 / 2°36'42"W

OS Eastings: 361635

OS Northings: 644127

OS Grid: NT616441

Mapcode National: GBR B26N.CG

Mapcode Global: WH8XH.V8GH

Entry Name: Knock Hill,fort

Scheduled Date: 26 March 1987

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4440

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: fort (includes hill and promontory fort)

Location: Gordon

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Leaderdale and Melrose

Traditional County: Berwickshire


The monument is a hillfort of the Iron Age, occupying the summit of Knock Hill. It measures approximately 114m by 52m within twin ramparts. The approach to the fort is steep on all but the E side. The ramparts survive only as low banks. The entrance is at the E. There is the certain site of the stance of one timber house. Other faint circular depressions probably mark the sites of others.

An area measuring 225m (E-W) x 125m transversely is proposed for scheduling, to include the fort and an area around it in which the remains of ancillary activities may survive.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance to the theme of Iron Age defence and settlement. It is well preserved; as in other cases the slightness of the remains of the ramparts probably reflects the need only for low walls on all but the easy E approach. The interior seems undisturbed, except for limited quarrying on the W and the insertion of an Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar. At least one house stance survives of which its study would be of importance to the study of Iron Age domestic structures.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the site as NT 64 SW 8.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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