Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cairnfield, enclosure 700m NNE of

A Scheduled Monument in Howe of Fife and Tay Coast, Fife

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Latitude: 56.2909 / 56°17'27"N

Longitude: -3.1292 / 3°7'45"W

OS Eastings: 330200

OS Northings: 711509

OS Grid: NO302115

Mapcode National: GBR 2B.7QXS

Mapcode Global: WH6R2.X42P

Entry Name: Cairnfield, enclosure 700m NNE of

Scheduled Date: 1 March 1988

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM4442

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: settlement

Location: Collessie

County: Fife

Electoral Ward: Howe of Fife and Tay Coast

Traditional County: Fife


The monument is an enclosed settlement of the Iron Age, some 2000 years old, situated in mature woodland and an area recently cleared of woodland, between the A914 road on the E and a gravel quarry on the W. It measures c 112m N-S by a maximum of c 50m E-W over a bank up to 1m high. The bank is paralleled by an external ditch c 3m across and up to 1m deep. Although the interior is featureless the remains of domestic and other structures are likely to survive below the level of the topsoil. An area measuring a maximum of 150m NNE-SSW by 85m transversely is proposed for scheduling, to include the enclosure and an area around it in which traces of activities associated with its construction and uase will survive.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as a well preserved settlement of the Iron Age which has the potential to enhance considerably our understanding of settlement and economy in later prehistory. It is of particular importance because very few monuments of any period survive as upstanding monuments in this part of lowland Scotland.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the site as NO31SW 69.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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