Ancient Monuments

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Caerlee Hill, fort

A Scheduled Monument in Tweeddale East, Scottish Borders

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.6198 / 55°37'11"N

Longitude: -3.0738 / 3°4'25"W

OS Eastings: 332473

OS Northings: 636774

OS Grid: NT324367

Mapcode National: GBR 63ZG.B8

Mapcode Global: WH6VD.R0HL

Entry Name: Caerlee Hill, fort

Scheduled Date: 31 March 1969

Last Amended: 8 March 2004

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM2785

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: fort (includes hill and promontory fort)

Location: Innerleithen

County: Scottish Borders

Electoral Ward: Tweeddale East

Traditional County: Peeblesshire

Description

The monument comprises the remains of a prehistoric defended settlement visible as upstanding earthworks. The monument was originally scheduled in 1969, but recent revisions to the map coverage for the area have shown that the original designation did not sit accurately on the monument. The current rescheduling rectifies this.

The settlement lies between 240m and 258m OD, on the summit of Caerlee Hill, where it commands extensive views over the valley of the River Tweed and its confluence with the Leithen Water. The settlement measures approximately 60m N-S by 45m E-W and is defined by an enclosing rampart surviving up to 1.25m high and 5m wide, with an entrance on the NNW. Unusually, the material for the construction of the rampart appears to have come from an internal quarry ditch, although there is a shallow external ditch and a further upcast bank on the N side of the settlement just to the E of the entrance. Much of the E side of the settlement has been disturbed by quarrying, but on the W side at least 6 scooped building platforms can still be traced occupying the highest section of the hilltop. A later circular stone building measuring c.10m in diameter with low wall footings spread c.1m wide has been built amongst the platforms.

The area to be scheduled is irregular in shape and measures a maximum of 135m E-W by 155m N-S, to include the remains described above and an area around where material relating to the construction and use of the settlement may be expected to survive, as shown in red on the accompanying map. The above ground elements of fences and dykes within the scheduled area are specifically excluded from the scheduling.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of the character, function and development of prehistoric defended settlements and the contemporary economy and land-use. The relationship between this monument and the roughly contemporary fort on Pirn Hill, on the opposite side of the Leithen Water, is of particular interest.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

The monument is recorded by RCAHMS as NT33NW7.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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