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Elginhaugh,Roman camp,native fort and palisaded enclosure 600m north east of

A Scheduled Monument in Dalkeith, Midlothian

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.8955 / 55°53'43"N

Longitude: -3.0823 / 3°4'56"W

OS Eastings: 332417

OS Northings: 667458

OS Grid: NT324674

Mapcode National: GBR 60X8.HG

Mapcode Global: WH6T1.M2GS

Entry Name: Elginhaugh,Roman camp,native fort and palisaded enclosure 600m NE of

Scheduled Date: 30 June 1995

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6202

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: fort (includes hill and promontory fort); Roman: camp

Location: Dalkeith

County: Midlothian

Electoral Ward: Dalkeith

Traditional County: Midlothian

Description

The monument comprises the remains of a Roman temporary camp, a prehistoric fort and palisaded enclosure and associated features, all represented by cropmarks visible on oblique aerial photographs.

The site lies above the N bank of the River North Esk immediately E of the excavated 1st Century AD Roman fort at Elginhaugh. The Roman temporary camp is represented by a rectangular cropmark with rounded corners measuring approximately 110m NNW-SSE by 70m. It occupies an

area otherwise characterised by numerous ill-defined cropmarks. To the NW of the camp are a series of linear cropmarks which may represent other, larger camps or enclosures associated with the adjacent Roman fort.

Some 40m N of the camp are the remains of an oval palisaded enclosure measuring some 40m E-W by 30m. In the extreme S of the site lies the remains of a multi-vallate promontory fort defined by a broad curving ditch with two concentric outer palisades and a slight, poorly-defined, external ditch. The fort and enclosure appear to represent native settlement of the later prehistoric period.

The area to be scheduled encompasses the visible features and an area around them in which traces of associated activity may be expected to survive. It is irregular in shape with maximum dimensions of 500m N-S by 420m E-W as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to add to our understanding of the relationship between Roman and native populations in southern Scotland and because of the information it contains relating to prehistoric economy and settlement in the pre-Roman and Roman periods. Its importance is greatly enhanced by its association with the excavated Roman fort of Elginhaugh.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NT 36 NW 50, 97, 105.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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