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West Mains,enclosures 400m SSW of

A Scheduled Monument in Haddington and Lammermuir, East Lothian

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.9382 / 55°56'17"N

Longitude: -2.6802 / 2°40'48"W

OS Eastings: 357608

OS Northings: 671887

OS Grid: NT576718

Mapcode National: GBR 2W.YXFL

Mapcode Global: WH7V5.S0XK

Entry Name: West Mains,enclosures 400m SSW of

Scheduled Date: 23 May 1994

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM5995

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: enclosure (domestic or defensive)

Location: Whittingehame

County: East Lothian

Electoral Ward: Haddington and Lammermuir

Traditional County: East Lothian

Description

The monument comprises the remains of two enclosed settlements of prehistoric date represented by cropmarks visible on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument lies on a projecting spur on the NE flank of Whitelaw Hill at around 140m OD. The NE limits of the site are defined by outcropping rock and this area of the monument is presently uncultivated. The NE enclosure lies principally within this uncultivated area, where it appears to be represented by low earthworks, but is visible as a cropmark on its SW arc where it projects into the cultivated area. The cropmark shows that the enclosure is defined by two concentric ditches and is of sub-circular form with an overall diameter of some 60m.

Some 20m SW is a second enclosure defined by a single, sub-rectangular ditch some 4-5m wide, with a possible entrance in the NW part of its SW side. This enclosure has approximate dimensions of 100m NE-SW by 70m. A series

of well-defined cropmarks in its interior indicate the presence of former domestic buildings. The enclosures lie in a landscape rich in the remains of prehistoric settlement. The sub-rectangular enclosure is of a type widely believed to represent native settlement in the period of Roman influence in southern Scotland.

The area to be scheduled encompasses the visible cropmarks and earthworks and an area around them in which traces of associated activity may be expected to survive. It is irregular in shape with maximum dimensions of 190m NE-SW by 110m as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to add to our understanding of prehistoric settlement development and economy. The close spatial association of the two enclosures suggests that they may provide comparative and detailed evidence for developments in settlement form and organisation in the period of Roman influence in southern Scotland.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NT 57 SE 18 and 36.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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