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Drumquhassle, Roman fort & annexe 300m NNW of Easter Drumquhassle

A Scheduled Monument in Forth and Endrick, Stirling

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Coordinates

Latitude: 56.0563 / 56°3'22"N

Longitude: -4.4352 / 4°26'6"W

OS Eastings: 248454

OS Northings: 687500

OS Grid: NS484875

Mapcode National: GBR 0R.QKKT

Mapcode Global: WH3N6.V16H

Entry Name: Drumquhassle, Roman fort & annexe 300m NNW of Easter Drumquhassle

Scheduled Date: 16 August 2001

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM7037

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Roman: fort

Location: Drymen

County: Stirling

Electoral Ward: Forth and Endrick

Traditional County: Stirlingshire

Description

The monument comprises the remains of a Roman fort with an annexe, constructed in the 1st century AD and represented by cropmarks visible on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument lies in arable farmland at between 55m-65m OD. It comprises a Roman fort measuring about 130m by approximately 110m. The annexe is attached to its N and E sides. Small scale excavation in 1980 demonstrated that the fort dates to the 1st century AD and that its single period of occupation was followed by deliberate slighting of the defences.

The area to be scheduled encompasses the fort and related remains, and an area around them in which traces of associated activity may be expected to survive, as marked in red on the accompanying map. There are five separate areas, extending overall a maximum of about 425m from the westernmost to the easternmost point, and about 385m from the northernmost to the southernmost point.

The northwestern boundary is defined according to a careful resurvey of the edges of the extant planning permission and/or the current quarry edge (where it has exceeded the area for which planning permission had been given).

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance as an example of a Roman fort and associated annexe which has the potential to enhance greatly our understanding of the Roman military presence in Scotland. It is of particular interest because it is believed to be one of a group of forts constructed during the short-lived occupation in the Flavian period under Agricola.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NS 48 NW 13.

Aerial Photographs used:

1977 ST/2904.

1977 ST/2928.

1983 ST/10470.

Bibliography:

Maxwell, G. S. (1979) 'The Roman fort at Drumquhassle, Central Region' in Breeze, D. J. (e.d) Roman Scotland: some recent excavations, 36.

Maxwell, G. S. (1983) 'Recent aerial discoveries in Roman Scotland: Drumquhassle, Elginhaugh and Woodland', Britannia, Vol. 14, 167-81.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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