Ancient Monuments

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The Mound, motte, Grange of Barry

A Scheduled Monument in Carnoustie and District, Angus

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Coordinates

Latitude: 56.5022 / 56°30'7"N

Longitude: -2.7599 / 2°45'35"W

OS Eastings: 353321

OS Northings: 734712

OS Grid: NO533347

Mapcode National: GBR VQ.HBY6

Mapcode Global: WH7R7.KTZR

Entry Name: The Mound, motte, Grange of Barry

Scheduled Date: 17 December 1996

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM6566

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Secular: motte

Location: Barry

County: Angus

Electoral Ward: Carnoustie and District

Traditional County: Angus

Description

The monument comprises the remains of a motte of early medieval date surviving as an earthen mound.

The monument lies in a walled enclosure adjacent to arable farmland at around 35m OD. It comprises the remains of a motte, an artificial mound on which would have been built a timber castle. The surviving mound is some 12m high with a level summit measuring approximately 13m by 14m.

Mottes originated in the twelfth century when they were built both by the Scottish aristocracy and by incoming Anglo-Norman families, marking the principal centres of newly defined estates.

The area to be scheduled encompasses the motte and an area around it defined by a relatively recent stone dyke. It is irregular in shape with maximum dimensions of 40m NW-SE by 35m as marked in red on the accompanying map.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to our understanding of medieval settlement and economy. It may be expected to contain information on earth and timber castle building techniques.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Sources

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NO 53 SW 10.

Bibliography:

Name Book (County) Original Name Books of the Ordinance Survey, Book No. 10, 23.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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