Ancient Monuments

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Leyston, settlement 500m north east of

A Scheduled Monument in Strathmore, Perth and Kinross

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Latitude: 56.531 / 56°31'51"N

Longitude: -3.3203 / 3°19'13"W

OS Eastings: 318887

OS Northings: 738446

OS Grid: NO188384

Mapcode National: GBR V9.KDMC

Mapcode Global: WH6PT.Z32L

Entry Name: Leyston, settlement 500m NE of

Scheduled Date: 1 February 1999

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Source ID: SM7153

Schedule Class: Cultural

Category: Prehistoric domestic and defensive: settlement

Location: Cargill

County: Perth and Kinross

Electoral Ward: Strathmore

Traditional County: Perthshire


The monument comprises an unenclosed settlement of prehistoric date, visible as a series of cropmarks on oblique aerial photographs.

The monument lies on locally high ground in arable farmland on the crest of a low ridge. It comprises a number of distinct features characteristic of later prehistoric settlement. In the N part of the site lies a ring-ditch measuring about 20m in internal diameter, with entrances on the NE and SW. Ring ditches such as this have been shown on excavation to represent the remains of former timber roundhouses.

Within the ring-ditch is a crescent-shaped cropmark some 15m across seemingly representing the buried remains of internal deposits. Immediately to the S is a sub-circular palisaded enclosure, some 40m in maximum diameter, which intersects with the ring ditch (indicating that the two were not contemporary).

There are a number of other cropmarks in the vicinity which appear to represent associated structures, including numerous pits and more amorphous remains.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises the remains described and an area around them within which related material may be expected to be found. It is irregular in shape with maximum dimensions of 150m between its N and S-most points and 170m between its E and W-most points, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

Statement of Scheduling

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to contribute to the understanding of prehistoric settlement and economy. Its importance is increased by its proximity to monuments of potentially contemporary date.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland



RCAHMS records the monument as NO 13 NE 60.

Aerial Photographs used:

CUCAP (1968) PT/11030/po NO13NE60.

CUCAP (1968) A35191/po NO13NE60.

RCAHMS (1989) PT/11030/TR NO13NE60, 82.

Source: Historic Environment Scotland

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