Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Section of Roman road north of Rock

A Scheduled Monument in Washington, West Sussex

We don't have any photos of this monument yet. Why don't you be the first to send us one?

Upload Photo »

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.


Latitude: 50.9223 / 50°55'20"N

Longitude: -0.4093 / 0°24'33"W

OS Eastings: 511900.874039

OS Northings: 114849.666289

OS Grid: TQ119148

Mapcode National: GBR GJY.5BF

Mapcode Global: FRA B61N.SF2

Entry Name: Section of Roman road north of Rock

Scheduled Date: 7 September 2017

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1448051

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Washington

Built-Up Area: Storrington

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Washington St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Chichester


Section of Roman road 100m south-south-east of Mutton's Farmhouse.

Source: Historic England



The monument includes the earthworks and buried archaeological deposits of a section of the Roman road known as Greensand Way, located at NGR TQ 1189 1485 centre around 100m south-south-east of Mutton's Farmhouse (listed at Grade II, NHLE 1353958) in a small copse.


The surviving earthworks of section of the road are most evident in a small copse next to the byway where they are covered with small trees and shrubs. The earthworks represent the agger of the road approximately 4m wide, with roadside ditches of approximately 1.25-1.50m wide to either side. No road surfaces are apparent, but will survive as buried features.


The scheduled area measures 105m east-west and 12m wide north-south. The monument is immediately to the south of a bridleway next to the copse on land which rises to the east. It extends from the property boundary of the house known as Highfield in the east, westwards to the point when the copse has been disturbed, approximately 14m to the east of the property boundary of Cartways Cottage. The land to the south is under pasture. The copse has a post and wire fence to the north and south which is excluded from the scheduling although the land beneath is included.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The section of Roman road, part of the Greensand Way, 100m south-south-east of Mutton's Farmhouse, near Rock, is scheduled for the following principal reasons:

* Survival: the earthworks of the road's agger are apparent and the buried deposits of the road and roadside ditches will survive beneath;

* Potential: the earthworks and buried deposits have the potential to inform on the construction, form and date of the road, and contain artefacts and ecofacts;

* Documentation: as a section of route 140 identified, catalogued and published by Ivan Margary in his seminal work on Roman roads in Britain;

* Rarity: around 9,500 miles of Roman road were thought to have been built during the Roman occupation, but a smaller proportion is known to survive physically and few are scheduled;

* Vulnerability; much of this route has been lost to modern housing, roads and commercial activity. Protecting this section will ensure its preservation for the future.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Margary, I D, Roman Roads in Britain, (1973), 63-70
Millum, D, 'What did Ivan Margary ever do for me? An excavation of the Roman Greensand Way at Plumpton' in Sussex Archaeological Collections, , Vol. 149, (2011), 25-34
Milner-Gulland, R, 'The Washington Estate: New Evidence on an Ancient Boundary' in Sussex Archaeological Collections, , Vol. 143, (2005), 1-8
MA Dissertation by Robert Wallace (2007) 'A previously unknown Roman road: Offham to the Greensand Way, Barcombe Mills'

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself. is a Good Stuff website.