Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 260m east of Trinity Methodist Church, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Sullington Warren

A Scheduled Monument in Storrington and Sullington, West Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9199 / 50°55'11"N

Longitude: -0.4418 / 0°26'30"W

OS Eastings: 509622.591001

OS Northings: 114539.297901

OS Grid: TQ096145

Mapcode National: GBR GJX.93L

Mapcode Global: FRA 96YN.ZNK

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 260m east of Trinity Methodist Church, forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Sullington Warren

Scheduled Date: 23 March 1970

Last Amended: 18 October 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014943

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27088

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Storrington and Sullington

Built-Up Area: Storrington

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Sullington St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow which forms part of a group of ten
situated along two parallel NNW-SSE aligned Greensand ridges in the lee of
the Sussex Downs. The cemetery is formed by two linear groups of barrows, one
running along each ridge. The monument lies in the central area of the eastern
group, which consists of six barrows. It has a circular mound c.26m in
diameter and up to c.2m high, surmounted by a commemorative stone pillar
constructed in 1969. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material
used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become infilled over the
years, but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.
The cemetery was partly excavated in 1809, when cinerary urns and burnt human
bones were found.
The modern stone pillar, paving and fence situated within the monument are
excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, occur either in
isolation or grouped in cemeteries across most of lowland Britain. There are
over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already
been destroyed).
Despite some modern disturbance, the bowl barrow 260m east of Trinity
Methodist Church survives well, and part excavation has shown the cemetery of
which it forms a part to contain archaeological remains and environmental
evidence relating to the ways in which it was constructed and used.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L, 'Sussex Archaeological Society' in Sussex in the Bronze Age, , Vol. 72, (1941), 64

Source: Historic England

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