Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow cemetery at Fullamoor Plantation

A Scheduled Monument in Appleford-on-Thames, Oxfordshire

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Latitude: 51.6459 / 51°38'45"N

Longitude: -1.2336 / 1°14'0"W

OS Eastings: 453124.498093

OS Northings: 194403.499231

OS Grid: SU531944

Mapcode National: GBR 90B.LYJ

Mapcode Global: VHCY7.KWPL

Entry Name: Round barrow cemetery at Fullamoor Plantation

Scheduled Date: 10 December 2014

Last Amended: 7 January 2016

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1421606

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Appleford-on-Thames

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Clifton Hampden

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


Early Bronze Age round barrow cemetery, now levelled to buried ring ditches visible as crop marks, and linear features (also crop marks).

Source: Historic England


Early Bronze Age round barrow cemetery now levelled to buried ring ditches visible as crop marks and linear features (also crop marks).

PRINCIPAL ELEMENTS: eleven circular, one part-circular and two intersecting linear crop marks on land around the Fullamoor Plantation.

DESCRIPTION: the cemetery survives as a group of ring ditches identifiable through crop marks shown on aerial photographs. There is a group of three incomplete crop marks to the north of the site: they are c7m in diameter and indicate one causewayed ring ditch, and two other ring ditches, also with possible causeways. There are six larger circular cropmarks to the north of the plantation, and three on the southern field boundary, one of which has a double ditch, another of which is incomplete. The ditches range from 16m to 33m in diameter, and have been under plough for many years hence are no longer visible as earthworks.

Other miscellaneous crop marks are likely to indicate field boundaries and enclosures of Iron Age and Roman date and of several phases of development.

EXCLUSIONS: all structures related to the modern agricultural use of the site are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath them is included.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The Early Bronze Age round barrow cemetery at Fullamoor Plantation, seen as ring ditches visible as crop marks, is scheduled for the following principal reasons:

* Rarity: barrow cemeteries are sufficiently rare nationally that there is a presumption in favour of scheduling those that are relatively complete and that retain archaeological remains;
* Documentation/finds: aerial photographs, survey, antiquarian excavation and recent trial trenching provide good evidence for the survival of nationally important archaeological features and recovered a range of artefacts and remains related to the use of the area as a Bronze Age funerary site;
* Survival: despite the loss of upstanding barrow mounds the ditches survive well and to significant depth, and the group itself is complete and illustrative of the dispersed cemetery form;
* Diversity: a range of types of barrow remains survive, including three which share morphological similarities to late-Neolithic barrows, an unusual disc barrow, and a multi-phase double ditched barrow, representing a range of approaches to funerary ritual;
* Potential: the round barrows have the potential to include funerary deposits and artefacts which will inform on the traditions of the period and there is the potential for further remains to exist between the barrows.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Boyle, A, Jennings, D, Miles, D, Palmer, S, The Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Butler's Field, Lechlade Volume 1: The Prehistoric and Roman Activity and Anglo-Saxon Grave Catalogue, (1998)
Don Benson, , David Miles, , The Upper Thames Valley: An Archaeological Survey of the River Gravels, (1974), 63-65
Paul Ashbee, , The Bronze Age Round Barrow in Britain, (1960)
Monument no. 1088980 (a causewayed ring ditch and two further ring ditches), accessed 02/10/2015 from
Monument no. 238372 (circular crop marks), accessed 02/10/2015 from
Monument no. 936555 (miscellaneous ditches), accessed 02/10/2015 from
Possible Barrow Cemetery at Fullamoor Plantation, accessed 02/10/2015 from
Andy Taylor, Thames Valley Archaeological Services, Archaeological Evaluation - Land at Abingdon Road, Culham, Oxfordshire, December 2013
Booth, Paul, Boyle, Angela, Keevil, Graham G, A Romano-British Kiln Site at Lower Farm, Nuneham Courtenay, and Other Sites on the Didcot to Oxford and Wooton to Abingdon Water Main, Oxfordshire, in 'Oxoniesia' (1993)
ET Leeds, Round Barrows and Ring-Ditches in Berkshire and Oxfordshire, in 'Oxoniesia' (1936)
Heather Hopkins, Thames Valley Archaeological Services, An Archaeological Desk-Based Assessment - Land at Abingdon Road, Culham, Oxfordshire, November 2008
Ruth Beckley and David Radford, Oxford City Council. Oxford Archaeological Resource Assessment 2011: Neolithic To Bronze Age, 2012
V Fenner and C Dyer, The Thames Valley Project: a report for the National Mapping Programme, 1994. Available at Accessed 02/10/2015

Source: Historic England

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