Ancient Monuments

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Dovecote at Culham Manor, 110m south west of St Paul's Church

A Scheduled Monument in Culham, Oxfordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6505 / 51°39'1"N

Longitude: -1.2774 / 1°16'38"W

OS Eastings: 450086.94239

OS Northings: 194881.402783

OS Grid: SU500948

Mapcode National: GBR 7YY.FVT

Mapcode Global: VHCY6.TS13

Entry Name: Dovecote at Culham Manor, 110m south west of St Paul's Church

Scheduled Date: 14 March 2000

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1019391

English Heritage Legacy ID: 30848

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Culham

Built-Up Area: Culham

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Culham

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Details

The monument includes a 17th century dovecote, situated close to and in the
grounds of Culham Manor. It is acknowledged to be the second largest dovecote
built in England (the largest was at St Pancras Priory in Lewes, Sussex) and
is now the largest surviving structure of its class.
The dovecote, which is Listed Grade II*, was constructed in 1685 by Charles
Budd, and there is a date stone immediately above the door.
The dovecote is rectangular in plan and is built of stone rubble with brick
dressings around the doorway and the four corners. The interior forms a double
chamber containing a total of about 4,000 nesting boxes. The boxes are built
of specially made brick and line all of the interior walls including the
partition between the two chambers. The interior has no surviving furniture,
and there are no signs of alighting ledges associated with the nest holes.
The roof is gabled and tiled, with two raised wooden turrets at its apex.
The boundary wall which abuts the dovecote, where it falls within the area of
protection, is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath it is
included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dovecotes are specialised structures designed for the breeding and keeping of
doves as a source of food and as a symbol of high social status. Most
surviving examples were built in the period between the 14th and the 17th
centuries, although both earlier and later examples are documented. They were
generally freestanding structures, square or circular in plan and normally of
brick or stone, with nesting boxes built into the internal wall. They were
frequently sited at manor houses or monasteries. Whilst a relatively common
monument class (1500 examples are estimated to survive out of an original
population of c.25,000), most will be considered to be of national interest,
although the majority will be listed rather than scheduled. They are also
generally regarded as an important component of local distinctiveness and
character.

The dovecote at Culham Manor, 110m south west of St Paul's Church survives well
and is known to be the second largest dovecote built in England, now the
largest surviving dovecote in the country. The name of its builder and the
date of construction are known, enhancing our understanding of the monument.
Its internal features are rare, and its unusually large size adds to its
interest as a good, but unusually grand, example of its class, form and date.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Hansell, P, Hansell, J, Doves and Dovecotes, (1988), 110

Source: Historic England

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