Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Prehistoric rock art, 225m east of Whitsunbank Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Chatton, Northumberland

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 55.5445 / 55°32'40"N

Longitude: -1.972 / 1°58'19"W

OS Eastings: 401864.55

OS Northings: 627868.09

OS Grid: NU018278

Mapcode National: GBR G4NB.V8

Mapcode Global: WH9ZJ.PW4W

Entry Name: Prehistoric rock art, 225m east of Whitsunbank Hill

Scheduled Date: 7 April 2014

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1418763

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Chatton

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Wooler St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Summary

A large rock art panel bearing several motifs of Neolithic/early Bronze Age date, including a rare radially grooved motif.

Source: Historic England

Details

Description: the panel (ERA 165), is oriented north to south and measures 4.3m by 2.9m; it slopes gently to the north and the surface is divided by a number of natural cracks into four separate areas each bearing a motif or motifs. The first area occupying the north side of the outcrop has a cup surrounded by a fine arc and two concentric circles; pick marks identified around the cup suggest the intention to make an inner circle. Three grooves radiate from the central cup and all pass beyond the outer circle; they are oriented north east, south east and about west. This motif is similar to that on a stone uncovered within an adjacent Bronze Age round cairn. To the north west there is a cup and ring motif and a small cup and ring with a groove. The second area at the south east corner of the outcrop has a cup with four roughly circular rings; outside the rings a large cup is linked to a smaller cup and to the outermost ring. There are thought to be further cups in the vicinity. A single cup and arc occupy an area in the centre of the west side and the south west corner of the outcrop has a small cup and a penannular.

Area of Assessment: defined as a circle with a diameter of 10m to include a margin of protection.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

REASONS FOR DESIGNATION DECISION:
The prehistoric rock art at Whitsunbank is scheduling for the following principal reasons:
* Survival: despite susceptibility to natural weathering, this rock art panel is reasonably well preserved with the survival of relatively well-defined motifs;
* Documentation: ritual and religious sites of Prehistoric Britain are without contemporary documentation and hence the value of the archaeological remains as our only evidence of their belief systems is enhanced;
* Diversity: this panel displays a complex arrangement of a variety of motifs; of particular significance is the radially grooved motif which is considered rare among recorded designs in England;
* Potential: it will inform our knowledge of prehistoric society through individual study of its motifs and carving style, and through an increased understanding of the circumstances in which rock art was created and used;
* Group value: taken with other extensive areas of scheduled rock art on near by Weetwood Moor and Fowberry, it will enhance both our understanding of the inter-relationships between the individual panels, and their relationship to the wider landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Mazel, et al (eds), Art as Metaphor: The Prehistoric Rock-Art of Britain, (2007), 231-256
Websites
England's Rock Art, accessed from http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/era/section/panel/overview.jsf?eraId=165

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.