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Rock art on Amersidelaw, 195m north west of Achnacarry Plantation

A Scheduled Monument in Chatton, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.5341 / 55°32'2"N

Longitude: -1.8828 / 1°52'57"W

OS Eastings: 407496.85

OS Northings: 626714.53

OS Grid: NU074267

Mapcode National: GBR H49G.50

Mapcode Global: WHC0X.15Q9

Entry Name: Rock art on Amersidelaw, 195m north west of Achnacarry Plantation

Scheduled Date: 6 March 2014

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1417672

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Chatton

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Chatton with Chillingham

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Summary

Prehistoric rock art comprising a large panel of Neolithic/early Bronze Age date (approximately 3800 BC to 1500 BC).

Source: Historic England

Details

Principal elements: rock art comprising a large panel of Neolithic/early Bronze Age date (approximately 3800 BC to 1500 BC).

Description: this is one of four separate panels on Amerside Law, a peninsular-like projection of the main Fell Sandstone Group ridge to the west; it is roughly flat-topped with steep slopes to the north, west and south with the rock art panels found above the slopes. The ground falls away more gently to the east, before rising to the main ridge.

The single panel (ERA 202) measures about 4.6m by 3m with fissures running north to south; it has a complex of at least 15 motifs, some of unusual form and it is thought that several different phases of carvings are displayed. At the south end a large ring encloses a cup and ring and a further cup while a curvilinear groove runs from the outer ring to the south. The largest motif 70cm across comprises a large ringed motif incorporating a ring, two cups and, placed centrally, a cup and a ring; a faint groove forms a loop and runs out from the central cup west, through the outer rings, enclosing three further cups. To the north east, a sub-rectangular groove about 60cm across encloses a cup and ring with an eroded looped groove running out to the west. Other motifs to the north, include two small cups with rings, a cup with two arcs, a cup with one arc and a further arc, all probably complete rings originally. Another example of a circular groove enclosing multiple cups and a ring can be seen north west of the sub-rectangular motif and at the south end of the panel a large ring encloses a cup and ring and a further cup; a curvilinear groove runs from the outer ring to the south. Several other cups, some deep are scattered about the stones surface.

Extent of scheduling: circular with a diameter of 10m to enclose the full extent of the panel and the surrounding archaeologically sensitive areas.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

REASONS FOR DESIGNATION DECISION:
The prehistoric rock art 195m north west of Achnacarry Plantation is scheduled for the following principal reasons:
* Survival: despite their susceptibility to natural weathering, this rock art panel is reasonably well preserved and the motifs are clearly defined and set in a complex arrangement;
* Documentation: ritual and religious sites of Prehistoric Britain are without contemporary documentation and hence the value of the archaeological remains as our only evidence of their belief systems is enhanced;
* Diversity: a wide variety of motifs are represented ranging from the relatively common cups and rings set in complex arrangements to the rare motifs such as sub-rectangular grooves;
* Potential: it will contribute to our knowledge of prehistoric society through individual study of the motifs present, and through an increased understanding of the circumstances in which rock art was created and used;
* Group value: this is one of four panels identified on Amersidelaw, which taken as a group, will enhance both our understanding of the inter-relationships between individual panels, and their relationship to the wider landscape.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Beckensall, S, Northumberland's Prehistoric Rock Carvings: A Mystery Explained , (1983), 163-6
Beckensall, S, Prehistoric Rock Motifs of Northumberland Volume 1, (1991), 51; 57
Mazel, et al (eds), Art as Metaphor: The Prehistoric Rock-Art of Britain, (2007)
Websites
, accessed from http://archaeologydataservice.ac.uk/era/section/access/results.jsf
Other
Northumberland HER ID: 3436, 3437,3438,

Source: Historic England

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