Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Three stone hut circles 300m south east of Headland Warren Farm

A Scheduled Monument in North Bovey, Devon

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Latitude: 50.6131 / 50°36'47"N

Longitude: -3.845 / 3°50'41"W

OS Eastings: 269562.009457

OS Northings: 80885.200787

OS Grid: SX695808

Mapcode National: GBR QC.2N24

Mapcode Global: FRA 27TG.5VQ

Entry Name: Three stone hut circles 300m south east of Headland Warren Farm

Scheduled Date: 22 June 2004

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021344

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34503

County: Devon

Civil Parish: North Bovey

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: North Bovey St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


The monument includes three stone hut circles and a length of rubble
walling situated on a gentle south west-facing slope of Hookney Tor
overlooking the valley of the West Webburn River. The northern stone hut
circle survives as a 6.4m diameter internal area surrounded by a 1.6m wide
earthwork bank with occasional protruding stones standing up to 0.7m high.
The central stone hut circle survives as an 8m diameter platform with a
single edge-set slab on the western side, whilst the southern hut measures
6.4m in diameter internally and is denoted on the east by a 0.8m wide
single orthostatic wall standing up to 0.8m high. The western sector of
this building survives as a 2m wide scarp standing up to 0.8m high. The
boundary wall between the two southern huts is of orthostatic construction
and measures up to 2m wide and 0.6m high.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The three stone hut circles 300m south east of Headland Warren Farm
survive comparatively well and will contain archaeological and
environmental information relating to this area during the prehistoric
period. The proximity of the settlement to the well known broadly
contemporary one at Grimspound enhances the significance and potential of
this settlement.

Source: Historic England


NMR Monument Report, SX68SE371, (2001)

Source: Historic England

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