Ancient Monuments

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Cairn and cist 430m north east of Grimspound

A Scheduled Monument in North Bovey, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6157 / 50°36'56"N

Longitude: -3.8331 / 3°49'59"W

OS Eastings: 270410.023001

OS Northings: 81154.17827

OS Grid: SX704811

Mapcode National: GBR QC.2R29

Mapcode Global: FRA 27VF.Y87

Entry Name: Cairn and cist 430m north east of Grimspound

Scheduled Date: 5 June 1972

Last Amended: 9 April 2001

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1020009

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24099

County: Devon

Civil Parish: North Bovey

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: North Bovey St John the Baptist

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument includes a cairn containing a cist situated on a saddle between
Hookney Tor and King Tor overlooking the valley of the Broadaford Brook. The
cairn survives as a 5.6m diameter ring of edge set slabs standing up to 0.62m
high surrounding a 0.6m high mound. The cist is situated slightly south of
the cairn's centre and survives as a 1.2m long by 0.55m wide and 0.45m deep
stone lined pit. Three slabs which partly obscure the cist represent the
original coverstones. Slight mounds of material lying adjacent to the cairn
on the north eastern and southern sides represent spoil thrown out during an
earlier partial excavation.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Cists are small rectangular stone
structures used for burial purposes and date to the Bronze Age. On Dartmoor
they are made up of regular stone slabs forming a box-like structure sometimes
topped by a larger coverstone. Short cists survive as free-standing monuments,
with no enclosing stone and earth cairn. On Dartmoor cists are also associated
with cairns, ring cairns and cairnfield groups, but these free-standing
examples form a separate group in their own right. Their longevity, having
been in use for a millennium or so, provides insight into the range of
ceremonial and ritual practices of the contemporary farming communities. The
Dartmoor examples provide one of the best preserved and most dense
concentrations of this class of monument in south-western Britain and, as
such, a high proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite partial excavation, the cairn and cist 430m north east of Grimspound
survive well and will contain environmental and archaeological information
relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. Deep
peat deposits in and around the monument represent a particularly good source
of information about the later prehistoric and earlier environment of this
area.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, 'Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities - The Second Millennium B.C.' in Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, , Vol. 5, (1997), 219

Source: Historic England

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