Ancient Monuments

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Medieval settlement 470m east of Hartyland

A Scheduled Monument in Dartmoor Forest, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5995 / 50°35'58"N

Longitude: -3.9109 / 3°54'39"W

OS Eastings: 264859.639398

OS Northings: 79494.093185

OS Grid: SX648794

Mapcode National: GBR Q7.JP4N

Mapcode Global: FRA 27PH.467

Entry Name: Medieval settlement 470m east of Hartyland

Scheduled Date: 22 June 2004

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021338

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34497

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Dartmoor Forest

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Widecombe-in-the-Moor St Pancras

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument comprises a medieval settlement situated within the valley of
the Stannon Brook. The medieval settlement includes three buildings packed
closely together on a terrace above the Stannon Brook. The northern
building is the largest within the settlement and this measures 10.8m by
3.4m internally and in common with the other structures is denoted by
turf-covered walling measuring between 0.8m and 1.5m wide standing up to
0.5m high.


MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Medieval rural settlements in England were marked by great regional diversity
in form, size and type, and the protection of their archaeological remains
needs to take these differences into account. To do this, England has been
divided into three broad Provinces on the basis of each area's distinctive
mixture of nucleated and dispersed settlements. These can be further divided
into sub-Provinces and local regions, possessing characteristics which have
gradually evolved during the past 1500 years or more.
This monument lies in the extensive south-west Peninsula sub-Province of the
Northern and Western Province, an area climatically, culturally and physically
distinct from the rest of England. It includes varying terrains, from the
granite uplands, through rolling dissected plateaux to fertile clay lowlands
in the east. While nucleated settlements are present, notably in the Devon
Lowlands and throughout the South Hams, many originated as small towns, and a
high proportion may be of later date. Excluding only the moorland masses, the
sub-Province is characterised by medium and high densities of dispersed
settlements; indeed, some of the former industrial areas had densities as high
as any in the country.
The Dartmoor local region is a high, undulating moorland scenically and
climatically distinct. The inner core, now treeless, is the ancient `Forest of
Dartmoor', while an outer ring of commons provides grazing for a number of
communities outside the Forest. Almost devoid of nucleated settlement, the
region has extremely low densities of dispersed settlement. Scattered
farmsteads and hamlets with irregular enclosed fields appear in peripheral
valleys, while above the present head-dyke are numerous traces of abandoned
settlements and fields.

The medieval settlement 470m east of Hartyland survives well and is unusually
situated immediately adjacent to a blowing mill. This type of close
relationship is very rare on Dartmoor and it is possible that this settlement
may also contain crucial information relating to the domestic aspects of the
tin industry. Information relating to usual agricultural activities will also
survive.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
SX67NW118, Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, (1985)

Source: Historic England

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