Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Stone hut circle 215m south east of Hartland Tor

A Scheduled Monument in Dartmoor Forest, Devon

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Latitude: 50.6024 / 50°36'8"N

Longitude: -3.9179 / 3°55'4"W

OS Eastings: 264372.869152

OS Northings: 79833.639

OS Grid: SX643798

Mapcode National: GBR Q7.JFC8

Mapcode Global: FRA 27PG.TQM

Entry Name: Stone hut circle 215m south east of Hartland Tor

Scheduled Date: 22 June 2004

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021337

English Heritage Legacy ID: 34496

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Dartmoor Forest

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Widecombe-in-the-Moor St Pancras

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


The monument comprises a stone hut circle situated on a south facing slope
of Hartland Tor overlooking the valley of the East Dart River. The hut
survives as a circular double orthostatic and coursed wall surrounding an
internal area measuring 8.5m in diameter. The wall itself is 2m wide and
stands up to 0.8m high. A south east facing gap represents the site of the
original entrance.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle 215m south east of Hartland Tor survives very well and
originally formed part of a coaxial field system on Hartland Tor. The
building is visually impressive and will contain information relating to the
lives of the people who used this area during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


SX 67 NW 92, NMR, English Heritage, NMR Monument Report, (2003)

Source: Historic England

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