Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 490m west of Gores Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Thorney, Peterborough

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.5973 / 52°35'50"N

Longitude: -0.1338 / 0°8'1"W

OS Eastings: 526494.884801

OS Northings: 301576.839823

OS Grid: TF264015

Mapcode National: GBR HZN.2ZG

Mapcode Global: WHHND.XZF7

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 490m west of Gores Farm

Scheduled Date: 26 November 2004

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021307

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33387

County: Peterborough

Civil Parish: Thorney

Traditional County: Cambridgeshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cambridgeshire

Church of England Parish: Thorney Abbey St Mary and St Botolph

Church of England Diocese: Peterborough

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated approximately 490m west of Gores
Farm. The barrow has been covered and protected by later deposits of marine
clay and peat, from which the mound emerges. It is visible as a slight gravel
rise of 0.3m high and 23m in diameter. The deeper lying remains of the barrow
are preserved underneath the Fen deposits and include an encircling ditch,
from which earth was dug in the construction of the mound. The ditch has
become infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature and is
visible on aerial photographs as a cropmark (an area of enhanced growth
resulting from higher levels of moisture retained by the underlying
archaeological feature). By comparison with examples excavated elsewhere in
the area, it is thought to measure 5m wide. The barrow is situated on a
gravel peninsula along the prehistoric Fen edge, a location that, with its
mixture of wetter and drier grounds and easy access along the waterways,
attracted prehistoric activity. The monument is part of a diffuse barrow
landscape at Eye and Thorney, other elements of which are subject to separate
schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow 490m west of Gores Farm is well preserved, having been
protected by overlying deposits of peat and clay, and will contain a wealth
of information relating to the barrow's construction, the manner and duration
of its use, as well as ritual and domestic activity on the site. Buried soils
underneath the mound will retain valuable archaeological evidence concerning
landuse in the area prior to the construction of the barrow, while organic
deposits preserved in the ditch will shed light on environmental conditions
(eg climate, flora and fauna) since the construction of the barrow. The
monument has additional importance as part of a diffuse barrow lanscape at
Eye and Thorney.

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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