Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow immediately north east of Bank Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Thorney, Peterborough

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.5805 / 52°34'49"N

Longitude: -0.1304 / 0°7'49"W

OS Eastings: 526777.5384

OS Northings: 299719.357324

OS Grid: TL267997

Mapcode National: GBR HZV.9VC

Mapcode Global: WHHNL.ZD2K

Entry Name: Bowl barrow immediately north east of Bank Farm

Scheduled Date: 26 November 2004

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1021305

English Heritage Legacy ID: 33379

County: Peterborough

Civil Parish: Thorney

Traditional County: Cambridgeshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cambridgeshire

Church of England Parish: Whittlesey St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: Ely

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated immediately north east of Bank
Farm. The barrow has been partly covered and protected by later deposits of
marine clay and peat, from which the mound emerges. It is visible as a gravel
rise of approximately 26m in diameter. Its height varies between 0.3m and
0.8m, with the higher part on the south. The deeper lying remains of the
barrow are preserved underneath the Fen deposits and include an encircling
ditch from which earth was dug in the construction of the mound. The ditch
has become infilled over the years, but will survive as a buried feature. By
comparison with examples excavated elsewhere in the region, the ditch is
thought to measure approximately 5m wide. The barrow is situated on the edge
of a gravel island along the prehistoric Fen edge, a location that, with its
mixture of wetter and drier grounds and easy access along the waterways,
attracted prehistoric activity. It is part of a diffuse barrow landscape at
Eye and Thorney, other elements of which are subject to separate schedulings.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow immediately north east of Bank Farm is well preserved, having
been protected by overlying deposits of peat and clay, and will contain a
wealth of information relating to the barrow's construction, the manner and
duration of its use, as well as ritual and domestic activity on the site.
Buried soils underneath the mound will retain valuable archaeological
evidence concerning landuse in the area prior to the construction of the
barrow, while organic deposits preserved in the ditch will shed light on
environmental conditions (eg climate, flora and fauna) since the construction
of the barrow. The monument is part of a diffuse barrow landscape at Eye and
Thorney.

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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